USD/JPY: Cooling inflation allows dollar rally to pause

  • US core inflation and personal spending softens
  • Bond yields pare earlier losses; 10-year yield now only down 1bps to 4.565%
  • US near-term inflation expectation drop to lowest levels since 2021

After a disastrous week, month, and quarter as the bond market selloff would not relent, US dollar long positions got closed out after further evidence supported the case that the Fed might be done hiking rates. ​ The latest round of economic data that showed spending and core inflation cooled. The final reading of the University of Michigan confirmed that pricing pressures are easing.  The near-term inflation gauge showed prices are expected to rise 3.2% over the next year, while long-term expectations edged higher to 2.8%.  Wall Street is welcoming all data that prevents the Fed from overtightening and especially if it allows traders to hold onto soft-landing hopes.

Fed’s favorite inflation gauge

The inflation news was rather positive, Core PCE posted the smallest rise since November 2020.  When you combine today’s PCE and consumer data with yesterday’s downward revised personal consumption numbers, one should expect that economic activity will slowdown quicker in the fourth quarter.

Cooling inflation is sending both the dollar and Treasury yields down and providing a less compelling case for the Fed hawks. Given the rising risk that we could see a one- or two-week government shutdown, there is a growing chance that the data-dependent Fed won’t have enough data to seriously consider hiking at the November 1st meeting.

Looming shutdown

Congress has less than three days to avoid a government shutdown and if that goes into the middle of next week, traders might not get the latest NFP report.  A Biden administration official noted that the Bureau of Labor Statistics could cease all program operations, which is different from what happened with the last shutdown that started December 2018.

If the shutdown lasts beyond next week, the September inflation report could also be in jeopardy.  A quick (over the next few days) resolution is becoming less likely and that might make the next Fed meeting an easy hold. Fed swaps are pricing only a 16.6% chance the Fed will raise rates at the November meeting, with traders becoming less convinced that they will move at the December 13th meeting.

The Republicans however might not want to drag this shutdown out as it could support a delayed boost for Q1, which is the start of the pivotal 2024 election cycle. A shutdown of 1-2 weeks could be the way this plays out, but anything longer would be troubling on so many levels.  The short-term hit to the economy becomes troubling if the shutdown enters a second week. ​ The longer the shutdown last, the more of a hit the Republicans appear poised to take. ​


Negotiations between the United Auto Workers (UAW) union and Big Three automakers are slowly making progress.  Today, the UAW announced they will expand the strike against Ford and GM.  Yesterday, the UAW said they are targeting a 30% pay raise, which is down from the 46% they were asking for in early September.  Automakers have raised their offer to 20% but were not offering much on retirement benefits.  The longer this drags, the more both sides lose, so a deal should be reached in the next week or two.

USD/JPY daily chart

The dollar-yen currency pair didn’t see substantial weakness despite a return to risk aversion at the end of the US session.  It looks like this will be a choppy trade going forward as the last key higher lows was breached.  It seems 150 will happen in a matter of time, but what everyone wants to know will that be enough to trigger action by Japanese authorities.

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Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Contributing Author at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya was a Senior Market Analyst with OANDA for the Americas from November 2018 to November 2023. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Prior to OANDA he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business, cheddar news, and CoinDesk TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most respected global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Seeking Alpha, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.