Jobs Report Matches Expectations; Wages rise, Focus remains on Trade

The US economy added 164,000 jobs in July, in line with expectations and confirming the recent trend of softening labor readings.  The economy is slowing down, but overall this is still a strong report when you considering how late we are in this record long economic expansion.  The three-month average gain of 140,000 is smallest pace in almost two years and the average weekly hours fell to the lowest level in eight years.  Average hourly earnings ticked higher both on a monthly and annual basis.

The weekend papers will focus little on the Fed’s first rate cut in over a decade and this bland employment report.  The key story is and will remain trade for the coming weeks.

Central banks will step up easing efforts in the coming months and we should not be surprised if the PBOC acts this month with RRR cuts and if we see other banks become more aggressive with their easing efforts.

Trump’s latest tariff threat mean all goods will be subject to some duties and this will start to weigh more on the US consumer.  China’s retaliation will not be limited to trade and will likely cause havoc for US businesses. The dangerous game of chicken will weigh heavily on global equities and we should not see the US remain immune to this latest escalation.
While the risk for a complete collapse in trade talks is going up by the day, Trump has decided to not make the Hong Kong protests a bargaining chip, a sign that we eventually will see America push forward for a deal.  Thousands of American live in Hong Kong and Trump’s decision to let China handle it is a positive sign that he wants a deal done.

The oil price collapse that stemmed from the latest escalation in the trade war between China and US should be easing.  Trade talks are likely to have a bumpy ride until we see both sides offer concessions and that may not happen for a month.  Weakening global demand will be countered by supply risks that should see oil start to stabilize shortly.

Crude prices rose to session highs after Russian Energy Minister Novak met with his Saudi Arabian counterpart to discuss strengthening their cooperation.  OPEC and allies know oil is approaching critical support levels and they may decide to increase production cut efforts in hopes of not seeing all the last three years work of cuts disappear.

The outlook for gold seems bullish on both the macro and technical perspective.  The latest escalation in the US-China trade war will not likely have any optimistic tones anytime soon, unless we see the Chinese decide to deliver on some purchases and efforts on cutting the fentanyl trade.  The tension level on the trade war is back up to a five and still has the potential to go up to a ten over the next month.  Gold will be supported on trade and the prospects of new tidal wave of easing from the world’s largest central banks, with the PBOC probably leading the charge.

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Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Contributing Author at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya was a Senior Market Analyst with OANDA for the Americas from November 2018 to November 2023. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Prior to OANDA he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business, cheddar news, and CoinDesk TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most respected global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Seeking Alpha, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.