Week Ahead – Enormous uncertainty

Recession risks mounting

It’s been another week of significant volatility in financial markets, one in which European indices edged closer to bear market territory, oil prices hit a 10-year high around $120, and safe-haven gold came close to $2,000.

The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the severe sanctions imposed on it by the West have created enormous uncertainty in the markets and for the global economy. Next week offers a number of different financial market events but this will no doubt remain front and center.

With commodity prices soaring in response to the latest developments, the job of central banks has just gotten even harder. Faced with increased recession and inflation risks, policymakers will be forced into some difficult decisions in the coming months, starting with the ECB next week as it pivots away from the transitory narrative and towards tapering and rate hikes.

Inflation data eyed ahead of the Fed

ECB hawkish pivot despite mounting economic risks

Putin undeterred as sanctions deal devastating blow to Russian economy

US

The last major economic data release before the Fed’s March 16th policy meeting is expected to show inflationary pressures are not slowing down at all.  The February inflation report is expected to show prices rose 0.8% since January and almost 8% over the last 12 months. Fed Chair Powell noted in his testimony to Congress that if inflation stays hot, the Fed could hike rates by 50 basis points at a monetary policy meeting. Inflation seems poised to worsen and that could lead to a rapid withdrawal of accommodation by the Fed.  

EU 

It goes without saying that the focus next week remains on Ukraine and whether any progress has been made towards de-escalating the crisis. There’s little hope of significant progress after two meetings between delegations from Ukraine and Russia and the attacks seen late in the week, including one on the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant, offer little hope that Putin has been deterred by sanctions.

The ECB meets next week and we’re expecting to get confirmation of the hawkish shift that’s been so evident since the last meeting. New economic projections will allow for the change of tone, the question is how big a change we’ll see. The end of net asset purchases in the coming months looks inevitable. But will they allude to rate hikes this year? Obviously, the situation in Ukraine complicates the outlook which may result in some hesitation from the central bank.

UK

A quiet week is in store for the UK with economic data largely tiers two and three. The only release of note will be GDP on Friday.

Russia

Western sanctions imposed on Russia in response to its invasion of Ukraine will have a crippling effect on the economy, and the record lows and excessive volatility we’ve seen in the ruble over the last week are reflective of that. Exports are already facing extreme complications as a result of the sanctions, even those the West has sought to shield like oil. The stock market hasn’t opened since the sanctions were imposed and those Russian companies that trade abroad have been pummelled. The stock market will remain closed until at least next Wednesday. 

Against this backdrop, CPI and GDP data just don’t really matter at the moment. Inflation is about to sky-rocket and the economy fall into a terrible recession. Interest rates have been hiked from 9.5% to 20% in the last week and further may be necessary as the CBR looks to stabilize the currency, having been restricted by sanctions against the central bank. 

South Africa

GDP is the only data release of note next week, with a few other low-tier releases also due. The rand has continued to slip against the dollar this week in risk-averse trade.

Turkey

Inflation rose to more than 54% last month as the country continues to suffer the consequences of poor monetary policy decisions. Higher commodity prices could compound those problems in the months ahead.

Unemployment data will be released next week.

China

China’s Two Sessions concludes tomorrow night. A sharp drop in the 2022 GDP target could spark China’s equity selling on Monday if markets interpret it as a slowing economy. China stocks are finishing the week under pressure, particularly the tech heavyweights listed in Hong Kong.

CNY continues to trade strongly as the ex-Dollar component of the basket weakens. CNY and CNH continue to benefit from haven inflows.

India

No significant data.

India equities and the rupee have come under pressure as oil prices continue to skyrocket; Indian markets have a high beta to imported energy.

Australia 

The week features Westpac consumer confidence, ANZ job ads, and NAB Biz Conf. All should continue to outperform despite the heavy flooding in Eastern Australia. Equities have traded sideways but have mostly avoided Ukraine contagion and the currency has in fact rallied. The massive global rally in commodities will heavily benefit Australia and the AUD should remain robust next week. 

New Zealand

NZ electronic retail spending, Business PMI and food inflation will show an economy overheating, and likely increase calls for fast RBNZ tightening. That will be a headwind for equities but may boost the currency which is rallying on the commodity boom like the AUD.

Japan

Japan releases GDP which should highlight a post-delta recovery after a tough Q3, but the data is too backward-looking to materially impact markets.

USD/JPY is range-bound between higher US yields supporting the cross, and domestic repatriation flows capping it due to geopolitical events. 


Economic Calendar

Monday, March 7

Economic Data/Events

CERA week begins with speeches from Saudi Aramco and Shell CEOs 

China Foreign Minister Wang Yi speaks at National People’s Congress session

China foreign reserves, trade data 

Australia foreign reserves

Germany factory orders

Australia’s PM Morrison speaks at the Lowy Institute, an Australian think tank

SNB posts annual results

Tuesday, March 8

Economic Data/Events

US wholesale inventories, trade

Eurozone GDP

Germany industrial production

Mexico international reserves

New Zealand construction work

Australia household spending, NAB business conditions

Indonesia foreign reserves

Japan bankruptcies, leading index, BoP

Poland rate decision: Expected to raise rates 50bps to 3.25%

South Africa GDP

Spain industrial production

Apple new product event

Wednesday, March 9

Economic Data/Events

Australia consumer confidence

New Zealand truckometer heavy traffic, manufacturing activity

Japan GDP, machine tool orders, M2 money stock

Russia CPI

RBA Gov Lowe to address the AFR Business Summit 2022 & Deputy Gov Debelle will speak on a panel about the digital economy

Thailand consumer confidence

China aggregate financing, PPI, CPI, money supply, new yuan loans

Italy industrial production

Mexico CPI

EIA Crude Oil Inventory Report

Thursday, March 10

Economic Data/Events

US Feb CPI M/M: 0.8%e v 0.6% prior; Y/Y: 7.9%e v 7.5% prior, jobless claims

ECB interest rate decision: No change in monetary policy expected; March projections to reflect the impact of war in Ukraine

ECB President Lagarde post-rate press conference

Israel GDP

New Zealand card spending, home sales

Japan PPI, Tokyo office vacancies

Thailand consumer confidence

Australian consumer inflation expectations

South Africa manufacturing production, current account

Friday, March 11

Economic Data/Events

US University of Michigan consumer sentiment

UK industrial production, BOE inflation attitudes survey

Canada unemployment

Germany CPI

RBA Gov Lowe speaks at the Banking 2022 conference

India industrial production

Japan household spending

Thailand forward contracts, foreign reserves

Mexico industrial production

New Zealand food prices, PMI

China FDI YTD

Spain CPI

Turkey’s current account, industrial production

Sovereign Rating Updates

          Norway(S&P)

          Portugal (S&P)

          Ukraine (S&P)

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Craig Erlam

Craig Erlam

Senior Market Analyst, UK & EMEA at OANDA
Based in London, Craig Erlam joined OANDA in 2015 as a market analyst. With many years of experience as a financial market analyst and trader, he focuses on both fundamental and technical analysis while producing macroeconomic commentary. His views have been published in the Financial Times, Reuters, The Telegraph and the International Business Times, and he also appears as a regular guest commentator on the BBC, Bloomberg TV, FOX Business and SKY News. Craig holds a full membership to the Society of Technical Analysts and is recognised as a Certified Financial Technician by the International Federation of Technical Analysts.
Craig Erlam
Craig Erlam

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