Focus on the three T’s – trade, tariffs and Trump

Tuesday September 11: Five things the markets are talking about

The three T’s – trade, tariffs and Trump are driving capital market asset prices in September.

Today, thus far, is a good feel-day as market sentiment seems to be improving, supported by renewed optimism that the U.K can cut a Brexit deal in a timely fashion. This has pushed sterling (£1.3067) to a five-week high overnight.

However, be forewarned, emerging markets and recent commodity price weakness provides enough reasons for caution. This market is still waiting for the “other shoe to drop” in the Sino-U.S trade dispute after President Trump signalled late last week that he is ready to impose tariffs on even more goods.

This Thursday, the European Central Bank (ECB) is expected to deliver caution regarding concerns about protectionism and turmoil in EM at its monetary policy meeting. Draghi is likely to continue stressing that the eurozone’s economic recovery remains “robust” and that policy makers are confident of a recovery in inflation, which will keep its monetary ‘normalization’ intact.

Dollar ‘bulls’ will be looking to strong data due later in the week for support – U.S core-CPI release on Thursday and retail sales on Friday are likely to come in strong and boost the buck.

In commodities, WTI crude speculators are looking to Hurricane Florence approaching the U.S east cost – will there be much disruption in supplies? Crude ‘bulls’ are pushing WTI prices towards $68 bp.

1. Global equities mixed results

European stocks and U.S equity futures are a tad lower after a mixed session in Asia.

In Japan, equities had their best session in a month overnight, with exporters lifted by the yen weaker outright (¥111.48) and tech stocks boosted by gains stateside yesterday. The Nikkei ended the day +1.3% higher, while the broader Topix closed +0.67% stronger.

Down-under, Aussie shares rallied overnight, ending its eight consecutive days of losses, supported by financials and energy stocks. The S&P/ASX 200 index rose +0.6% at the close. In S. Korea, the Kospi weakened, tracking losses from China as Sino-U.S tariff worries continue to linger. At the close, the index lost -0.24%.

In Hong Kong, shares fell into bear market territory on Tuesday as the Hang Seng index ended atop of its 14-month low, on fears of further escalation in the U.S-China trade war. The Hang Seng index ended down -0.72%, while the China Enterprises Index lost -0.96%.

In China, shares hit a 31-month closing low on trade worries. At the close, the Shanghai Composite index was down -0.2%, while he blue-chip CSI300 index was down -0.18%.

In Europe, regional bourses trade lower across the board as the downtrend continues tracking U.S futures lower.

U.S stocks are set to open in the ‘red’ (-0.2%).

Indices: Stoxx600 -0.5% at 373.6, FTSE -0.6% 7233, DAX -0.9% at 11879, CAC-40 -0.2% at 5257, IBEX-35 -0.3% at 9240, FTSE MIB -0.7% at 20775, SMI -0.1% at 8919, S&P 500 Futures -0.2%

2. Oil prices climb ahead of U.S. sanctions on Iran, gold lower

Oil prices have rallied overnight as U.S sanctions begin to squeeze Iranian crude exports. This is tightening global supply despite U.S encouraging other producers to increase output.

Note: It’s not in the U.S’s best interest to push up oil prices – it could depress economic activity or even triggers a slowdown in global growth.

Brent crude oil is up +50c at +$77.87 a barrel, while U.S light crude is +15c higher at +$67.69.

Note: Russia, the U.S and Saudi Arabia are the world’s three biggest oil producers, delivering around a third of the world’s almost +100M bpd of daily crude consumption.

U.S Energy Secretary Rick Perry met the Saudi’s yesterday, and will meet the Russians on Thursday to encourages big oil-producing countries to keep output high.

Note: Before the year-end, OPEC and allies are to discuss cooperation post-2018 in Algeria. OPEC has the tools to use “quotas” if the market requires it. However, OPEC believes cooperation can continue without output quotas in 2019.

Ahead of the U.S open, gold prices are little changed, mostly capped by U.S rate hike concerns, while trade tensions weigh on the ‘yellow’ metal. Spot gold is unchanged at +$1,195.79 an ounce, while U.S gold futures have rallied +0.1% to +$1,201.60.

Note: After last week’s strong U.S payrolls, fixed income dealers are pricing in another Fed rate hike for September – it would be the third hike in 2018, with expectations of one rise more in December.

3. German Bund yields at five-week highs, Italian yields plummet

German 10-year Bund yields have backed up to their highest level in five-weeks overnight, as growing hopes of fiscal restraint in Italy and a Brexit deal being completed in the coming weeks.

Italy’s BTP yields fell for a seventh consecutive session, with long-dated yields hitting their lowest level since late July. Comments from Italian politicians this month that E.U fiscal rules would be respected in next year’s budget have supported the markets demand for Italian debt.

Note: Italy’s 10-year BTP yield fell to its lowest in more than six weeks at +2.7%, while Germany’s Bund yield rose more than +2 bps to a five-week high at +0.423% – the spread is +225 bps, its tightest since the start of August.

Elsewhere, the yield on U.S 10-year notes has backed up +1 bps to +2.95%, the highest in almost five-weeks. In the U.K, the 10-year Gilt yield increased +2 bps to +1.493%, the highest in 16-weeks.

4. Dollar falls, but is looking to regain momentum

The dollar trades lower ahead of the open, with EUR/USD up +0.3% at €1.1626, GBP at £1.3040 and JPY at ¥111.35, but strong U.S data, due later in the week, could give the ‘buck’ some needed TLC – U.S core-CPI figures on Thursday and U.S retail sales on Friday are likely to come in strong.

The EUR has found support as easing concerns about Italian debt boosted the single currency for a second day, while broader moves in forex markets remain contained until there is further clarity in the Sino-U.S. trade dispute.

GBP (£1.3040) gets another Brexit boost. Market headlines appear more positive as the E.U seems more willing to compromise to achieve an agreement with the U.K. Also, domestic wage data beat expectations (see below) and justified the recent BoE rate hike.

The TRY ($6.4783) is little changed as investors wait for the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT) rate decision on Thursday. Current consensus is looking for the CB to hike 1-week repo auction rate by +325 bps to +21.00%.

5. U.K jobs and wage data

U.K data this morning provided the pound with some support. Stronger-than-expected U.K jobs data, pushed EUR/GBP briefly to a five-week low of €0.8887.

U.K. earnings for the three-months to July rose by +2.9%, up from a +2.7% increase in the previous period and above the market consensus of a +2.8%.

Other data showed that the U.K unemployment rate stayed flat at +4% in July vs. expectations of a +4.1% rise.

The Bank of England (BoE) meets Thursday and further proof of rising U.K wage growth may concern Governor Carney and company, however, ongoing Brexit uncertainty is expected to weaken any chances of another rate rise any time soon.

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This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell