The French prime minister has resorted to a rarely used emergency procedure to push through labour market reforms without a parliamentary vote.
Manuel Valls faced opposition from some MPs in his own Socialist Party, as well as Green MPs over the reforms.
The Socialists have a majority, but now face a confidence vote on Thursday. The reforms will be adopted automatically if the government wins the vote.
The plan is to scrap barriers in law firms and extend shop opening hours.
The reforms should make it easier for young people with law qualifications to get jobs as solicitors, bailiffs or court clerks.
Long-distance bus operations will be opened up to competition, under the so-called “Macron Law”, named after Economy Minister Emmanuel Macron.
The new law will also speed up labour tribunal proceedings in dismissal cases.
The Socialists are expected to survive the confidence vote, which was demanded by the centre-right opposition UMP.