US Jobs Data Not Key to Next Weeks Fed Meeting

US equity markets have spent the last week in correction mode following a fantastic run throughout February, but futures suggest they could open higher on Friday in a sign that traders may be expecting some good numbers from the US jobs data today.

The February jobs report could be the final piece of the puzzle as the Federal Reserve prepares to meet next week to discuss whether to raise interest rates for the first time this year. The coordinated comments from Fed policy makers is recent weeks has been like interest rate hike roadshow, with officials clearly determined to sell the idea to the markets ahead of the meeting. Markets until that point had completely written off such a scenario but have since responded to the barrage of hawkish commentary from Fed officials.

Switching Playbook

Given the recent efforts from policy makers, I think the jobs report today will be largely irrelevant when it comes to the discussion on interest rates next week. The figures today will literally have to be terrible in order for the Fed to consider postponing a hike that has only been made possible because of their determination that it could happen. The possible credibility cost is great enough that the Fed will not want to disappoint unless it feels it absolutely necessary.

What’s more, the ADP number on Wednesday would suggest there’s nothing to worry about. While this isn’t always a great estimate of the NFP number, it does tend to be a decent indicator of market expectations being either way too high or low and coming in more than 100,000 above expectations certainly falls in that bracket. A lot of people will have raised their expectations on the back of the ADP release but even if NFP now fails to live up to them, I very much doubt it will be bad enough to cast doubt on a rate hike next week which should offer support for the US dollar.

Gold Dips Below $1200, US Nonfarm Payrolls Loom

Other aspects of the report are arguably more important, such as average hourly earnings which tend to rise when the labour market is as tight as the unemployment number would suggest. Earnings have been steadily rising over the last two years but are still doing so at a slower pace than the Fed would like and expect if inflation is going to rise in line with its expectations. The stubbornly low participation rate may go some way to explaining this along with other structural issues but I think the central bank will be comfortable as long as the direction of travel continues as it has since the start of 2015.

WTI Daily

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Brent and WTI crude is paring losses today having suffered considerable losses over the last few days. It would appear the substantial long speculative positions have been pared back over the last 48 hours which may bring some stability back to the market but ultimately, what’s happened is a worrying sign for oil and more importantly, those countries that have agreed to cut production in order to support prices. An extension beyond the middle of the year appears to be required to prevent oil slipping further but this is far from guaranteed with Saudi Arabia appearing to lose it patience and non-OPEC compliance not seeming to match that of OPEC members.

Economic Calendar

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NFP

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Craig Erlam

Craig Erlam

Senior Currency Analyst at OANDA
Based in London, England, Craig Erlam joined OANDA in 2015 as a Market Analyst. With more than five years' experience as a financial market analyst and trader, he focuses on both fundamental and technical analysis while conducting macroeconomic commentary. He has been published by The Financial Times, Reuters, the Wall Street Journal and The Telegraph, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on networks including Sky News, Bloomberg, CNBC and BBC. Craig holds a full membership to the Society of Technical Analysts and he is recognized as a Certified Financial Technician by the International Federation of Technical Analysts.