The International Monetary Fund and others have recently revised down their forecasts for global growth – yet again. Little wonder: the world economy has few bright spots – and even those are dimming rapidly.
Among advanced economies, the US has experienced two quarters of growth averaging 1%. Further monetary easing has boosted a cyclical recovery in the eurozone, though potential growth in most countries remains well below 1%. In Japan, so-called Abenomics is running out of steam, with the economy slowing since mid-2015 and edging close to recession. In the UK, uncertainty surrounding the June referendum on continued EU membership is leading firms to keep hiring and capital spending on hold. And other advanced economies – such as Canada, Australia and Norway – face headwinds from low commodity prices.
Things are not much better in most emerging economies. Among the five Brics countries, two (Brazil and Russia) are in recession, one (South Africa) is barely growing, another (China) is experiencing a sharp structural slowdown, and India is doing well only because – in the words of its central bank governor, Raghuram Rajan – in the kingdom of the blind, the one-eyed man is king. Many other emerging markets have slowed since 2013 as well, owing to weak external conditions, economic fragility (stemming from loose monetary, fiscal, and credit policies in the good years), and, often, a move away from market-oriented reforms and toward variants of state capitalism.
via The Guardian