It’s been something of an “annus horribilis” for Greece, with the country brought close to financial ruin and leaving the euro zone in summer. Capital controls are still in place and next year could bring more political and economic volatility, analysts believe.
Elections in January brought Syriza to power. The radical left anti-austerity grassroots movement promised to oppose government spending cuts at all costs.
But after months of tortuous negotiations with international lenders, anti-European rhetoric and a referendum on opposing austerity, Greece’s ruling party did a U-turn in summer. It capitulated to lenders’ demands for even more austerity in return for a third bailout package.
In total, Greece’s three bailouts since 2010 have seen the country receive almost 330 billion euros ($349.6 billion) in aid from the bodies overseeing it: the European Central Bank, European Commission and international Monetary Fund (IMF).
Muddying the waters with lenders, however, Tsipras appeared to be pushing for the IMF to stay out of the country’s latest bailout, telling the Financial Times newspaper at the weekend that he was “puzzled by the unconstructive attitude of the fund on fiscal and financial issues.”
He indicated that the IMF should leave his country’s third bailout to the euro zone when it decides whether to stay involved early next year. “We think that after six years of managing in extraordinary crisis, Europe now has the institutional capacity to deal successfully with intra-European issues.”
Lack of strategy
The issue of debt forgiveness still remains, however, with many (including the IMF) saying that without debt restructuring, Greece’s economy will not be able to get back on its feet. The IMF predict that Greece’s economy will shrink by 1.3 percent in 2016 and that unemployment would remain high, at 27.1 percent