Dollar Trading Takes Prominence

  • Markets watchful of Greece
  • Greek saber rattling supports Gilts and Bunds
  • Yen trades at eight-year low to the dollar
  • Commodity prices fall on dollar outlook

After a three-day weekend, market participants jumped straight back into the fray to find the U.S. dollar rising on gains fueled by last Friday’s U.S. consumer-price index surprise, and comments from Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen that a rate hike remains on the cards for this year.

In Europe, dealers return to the grindstone where the Greek debt dance has European capital markets starting this shortened trading week on the back foot. The single unit trades at new one-month lows outright (€1.0890), while German and U.K. debt rallies on Greek risk aversion trading, and on the surprise weekend Spanish vote results. Spanish yields have backed up after a negative reaction to the region polls in Spain where a strong showing for the opposition anti-austerity parties is a clear threat to the incumbent government and to the eurozone periphery’s stability.

Market worries that Greece will be incapable of fulfilling its debt obligations to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) next week will only continue to weigh on the EUR in the short term, while U.S. bond yields will favor the dollar against a host of Group of 10 currencies. JPY trades at an eight-year low (¥122.79). It seems that the recent stability in the pair over the past few months had greatly reduce speculative yen shorts — the market wants to play catch-up to the potential upside momentum due to U.S. and Japanese interest rate differentials.

Investors are looking ahead to this morning’s U.S. data menu (durable goods and new home sales) for key touch point guidance. Both reports are expected to show improvement over the previous months readings, which would only add value to the dominant current trading strategies. The market is most interested in the U.S. housing data points — was last week’s surge in starts and permits a coincidence or not for the housing sector?

Euro’s Freefall Toward Parity

The two-prong attack on the EUR, Greek saber rattling, and stronger U.S. domestic data has the unit -0.7% lower in overnight trading and threatening to build up further momentum to test its multiyear lows sub-€1.05. The EUR is down close to -10% this year and -20% over the past 12 months.

Greek two-year yields have climbed a further +1.3 basis points to +23.9% amid growing fears over a default. Greek officials continue to take the hard stance by raising doubts over whether they will have enough money to fulfill its debt obligations to the IMF next month (€1.6 billion). What’s making the situation worse is the internal fighting within the Greek government over creditors’ conditions. Some officials are willing to accept certain terms while others are not.

In Spain, bond prices reveal a similar scenario. Bonos (Spanish bonds) have come under further pressure from the weekend’s election results, which showed the ruling Popular Party lose big in municipal elections to the anti-austerity Podemos Party (Spanish 10-year yields climbed +8 basis points to +1.85%). It’s the reason why European officials and policymakers will only ever take a hardline stance approach to Greece — they do not want to legitimize Athens’ claims, or set a precedent that cannot be unwound that favors anti-austerity party claims.

Both U.K. Gilts and German Bunds, which are considered to be safe-haven assets to a degree, are benefitting from the periphery debt market underperformance. Bunds are down -6 basis points to +0.55% while 10-year Gilts are trading at +1.86%. It’s no surprise to see that U.S. Treasurys are being dragged along for the ride. U.S. 10s currently yield +2.18%, much tighter than this month’s low-yield print of +2.32% amid the global sovereign yield saga.

Commodities Fall on Dollar’s Direction

The USD remains the best of a ‘bad lot’ for most traders. Mixed domestic data, neutral comments from Yellen, and risk aversion strategies certainly outweigh the current European-Greek saga, while a weaker China and Japan require lower currency values. Nevertheless, a dominant dollar strategy will weigh heavily on commodity prices and their affiliated currency pairs (CAD, AUD, NZD).

Again this morning, crude oil trades under pressure (Brent -0.8% to $65.02 and West Texas -0.7% to +$59.29), while the yellow metal seeks to discover what lies below the psychological $1.12 handle (-1% to $1,194.5). The recent upward strength for oil was supported mostly by cuts in production (supply gluts remain an ongoing concern) and the mighty dollar shakeout over the past six weeks rather than on sustainable economic growth. With the USD finding favor, and a growing concern for both crude and gold fundamentals, being long this sector may require some nimble trading in the short term.

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Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell