US Seen Extending Losses Ahead of Yellen Speech

The oil rally yesterday was driven by the conflict in Yemen as the Saudi’s led an attack – with the support of its Gulf Arab allies – against the Houthi rebel group, which is thought to have Iranian backing. The Shia militia group has seized large parts of Yemen and forced President Abd Rabbu Monsour to flee the capital, which appears to have been the final straw for the countries Sunni neightbours. The attack, which began with air raids, is likely to be followed by a ground invasion as more countries join the effort to defeat the Houthi rebels.

While this is unlikely to have an impact on oil supplies, what we saw yesterday is an additional risk premium being priced in because of the potential for further escalation. More than 3.8 million barrels pass through the Bab el-Mandeb Strait off the coast of Yemen and as long as this conflict continues, there are going to be growing fears that this will be impacted.

Fortunately, the glut in oil supplies at the moment has capped any significant risk premium being added to prices. Oil has been in contango for quite a while now which has led to a record amount of offshore storage, to the point that availability is fast running out. As long as we continue to see such an excess in oil supplies, geopolitical risk premiums should remain fairly low. Only when we see a serious risk to supplies either due to conflict in the middle east or production being cut should we see higher risk premiums being added.

The fact that we’re seeing a small decline in prices today does not mean that traders are no longer concerned about the conflict, it’s simply a correction because yesterday’s rally was a little overdone. Despite being more than 1% down on the day, the fact that Brent crude hasn’t even broken below the mid-point of yesterday’s open and close levels is a technical signal that this is merely a correction. If the conflict continues, we could see further gains next week.

Brent crude

The final fourth quarter GDP reading for the US will be released ahead of the opening bell on Wall Street and we’re expecting it to be revised slightly higher to 2.4%. Any number above this would be welcomed by the markets, although I wonder by how much. It’s been a disappointing first quarter in the US and annualised growth is expected to be below 2%. Whether the US can bounce back strongly from such a disappointing first quarter is likely to be a far bigger concern than whether we see a minor revision to fourth quarter growth.

US Data

As will the views of Fed Chair Janet Yellen. She is due to speak later on in the day at the Federal Reserve Bank Conference and these events can quite often turn into a discussion on the state of the economy and what it means for monetary policy. The Fed dropped its forward guidance at its latest policy meeting last week, leaving to less certainty about when the first rate hike will come. This could make the markets more sensitive to comments made by Yellen going forward and therefore investors will be following her comments today very closely.

The S&P is expected to open 4 points lower, the Dow 28 points lower and the Nasdaq 3 points lower.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

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Craig Erlam
Based in London, England, Craig Erlam joined OANDA in 2015 as a Market Analyst. With more than five years' experience as a financial market analyst and trader, he focuses on both fundamental and technical analysis while conducting macroeconomic commentary. He has been published by The Financial Times, Reuters, the BBC and The Telegraph, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on Bloomberg TV, CNBC, FOX Business and BNN. Craig holds a full membership to the Society of Technical Analysts and he is recognized as a Certified Financial Technician by the International Federation of Technical Analysts.