De-risking: Will Forex Be Forced to Play Equity Catch Up?

Forex is beginning to buckle, commodities are bending, while equities are under pressure as investors and dealers flock to safe-haven assets in an effort to rebalance their portfolios over global tensions and questionable growth. Only days ago, the International Monetary Fund commented that capital markets have been underpricing geopolitical ramifications and that the macroeconomic repercussions have yet to be felt — is the market finally beginning to heed that warning?

To date, safety trades have been the order of play as Russia steps up the tit-for-tat sanction war with the European Union and the U.S. Meanwhile, in the Middle East war drums beat as the ceasefire between Israel and Hamas ended, and President Barack Obama has authorized potential airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq. Obama’s orders would only be capable of driving markets for a short period. Nevertheless the combination of all the various geopolitical risks and poor market headlines including Argentina’s default, the Banco Espirito Santo mess in Portugal, governance issues at various emerging market banks, and the World Health Organization declaring ebola a global risk, with historically thin liquidity in August is making the outlook rather uncertain with investors very nervous and trigger happy.

The market has been seeking an uptick in intraday volatility and it has arrived. Dealers are not worried in what direction market prices go. All they want is price movement; it equates to opportunity, and something in short supply ever since the major central banks handcuffed the forex market with its low interest rate policy business model. Traders flourish in this environment and will do their utmost to make “hay while the sun shines.”

Short covering and panicky stop-losses are dominating trading with relatively little real money flows going through the various asset classes. In forex, it’s no surprise to see JPY and CHF garner a safety bid with fresh five-month lows for EUR/CHF (€1.2123) and eight-month-lows for EUR/JPY (€135.85). In stocks, equities have slumped with the Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 shredding -0.5% on Thursday. Japan’s Nikkei closed down -3% earlier this morning, while European bourses start in the red in this Friday’s session. On yields, the German 10-year bund has sunk to fresh new low yield (+1.02%), while U.S. 10’s are trading south of +2.4% for the first time in nearly two months. As for commodities, gold is knocking on its recent highs ($1,317) while crude oil remains better bid on supply concerns over American airstrikes in Iraq.

The Yen Strengthens Despite BoJ

Now, add a few fundamental release events overnight and you have a market on the edge. The Shanghai Composite is the only regional index with mild declines thus far, erasing post Obama-conference losses on much stronger than expected China trade data. A $47B surplus for July is a record high, and even though imports surprisingly fell -1.6%, double-digit rise in exports more than made up for that decline. Shipments to Europe were particularly strong, up about +17%, year-over-year, while exports to Japan reversed last month’s drop with a +3% increase. The danger is that the trend may not last long. With Europe under economic pressure, how can China sustain double-digit export headlines? Mind you, with Russia out of the picture will certainly help their cause. The poor import reading was driven mostly by lower iron ore prices. No matter what, the pressure on the yuan to strengthen will only increase. Align that with Beijing’s new measures to promote private capital outflows should be capable of increasing the volatility of the Yuan’s exchange rate.

The Bank of Japan (BoJ) is the last of the central bank to show its hand this week. Governor Haruhiko Kuroda’s accompanying statement saw the BoJ maintain its overall economic assessment, unchanged for the 12th consecutive meeting. Nonetheless, as rumored, the bank has downgraded its view on exports and industrial output. In his press conference, Kuroda said he remains optimistic about Japan’s economic outlook noting the employment and income situation is improving steadily. He will be disappointed by the yen strengthening, as they see no reason to do so — USD/JPY (¥101.77) is grinding lower because of ‘risk trades’ unwinding and not on Japanese fundamentals.

Aussie Falls on Poor Jobs Data

Of the major currency pairs, the Aussie dollar is the biggest loser (AUD$0.9260), driven by risk-off sentiment on the deteriorating situation in Iraq as well as the Reserve Bank of Australia’s (RBA) quarterly policy statement.

The RBA has cut its 2014 and 2015 gross domestic product targets by -0.25pts to +2.5% and +2.75% respectively, and also narrowed lower its 2016 growth projection. On inflation, the RBA has lowered 2014 core consumer-price index target to +2.25% versus 2.5% prior, but has risen next years to +2.75%. Following the release of 12-year high unemployment rate from Australia earlier this week, the RBA said the jobless rate is likely to remain elevated for some time yet and might not decline substantially for another 18-months. The Aussie has been trading heavy all week and managed to print a new two-month low outright ($0.9240), while continuing to struggle badly on the crosses (AUD/JPY ¥94.30).

The current market noise across all asset classes is not seeing relative new money being deployed, its only been repositioned. When it comes to de-risking, global equities have been leading the charge. Thus far, it remains an orderly trimming of riskier positions and not a rabid lemming dash to the exit doors. Nevertheless, the lack of market liquidity could very much speed up the whole process.

Forex heatmap

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell