Week In FX – Fed Gives Nothing Away, Dollar in Demand

  • Fed sticks to lower for longer
  • U.S CPI an excuse to buy more dollars
  • Fed September hike fully priced in
  • Central Banks rate announcements dominate proceedings

As to be expected, the Fed dominated this past week. Although the markets did not get the anticipated price moves when Yellen was giving her testimony on the ‘hill’, that came on the back of Thursday’s U.S CPI, she has certainly been able to keep market guessing on the timing of rate lift off in the U.S.

The Fed Chair did not give the hawks what they were expecting, but on the other hand she was not overtly dovish either. Like any good Central Banker she was extremely “vague and ambiguous” enough to keep markets guessing on when the Fed will move and what the move will be. The Fed bar remains at the “lower for longer” even while a June lift-off remains on the cards.

That being said, nothing appears to have startled U.S policy makers off the trail to rate normalization. During her testimony Yellen struck a more upbeat tone on labor market conditions and included how the forward guidance will be amended. Everything is data dependent, and next week’s non-farm payroll numbers will again be expected to play a major role.

U.S CPI woke Capital Markets from Inertia

On Thursday, U.S CPI inflation reading for January fell into negative territory for the first time in five-years, with the -0.1% decline a big slip from the previous month’s +0.8% reading.

The reading was widely expected, with crude prices being the main culprit. The core reading, which strips out energy prices, remains well short of Fed expectations, was unchanged from the prior month at +1.6%, but still healthy. Somewhat offsetting was the U.S durable goods data bouncing back from the very weak showing in December (+2.8% vs. +1.7%), with most components growing strongly.

The market did not have to wait long for a Fed response. Fed moderate Bullard responded to the CPI data by highlighting the core reading. He said the impressive monthly jobs reports would continue and wage growth around +2% is roughly appropriate with where the economy is performing right now, given +1.5% core-CPI and +0.5% productivity growth.

Fed Governor Williams said if data kept coming in as expected, rate hikes could begin as early as this summer. He said that he expects to see U.S unemployment to fall to around +5% by the end of the year (full employment) and sees an increase in the purchasing powers of businesses. In other words, the Fed needs to start removing some accommodation before full employment and +2% inflation.

Normally, longer dated bonds would be the big loser on an upside surprise to core-CPI. However, this week most of the damage has occurred in the short-end with yields on two-year notes rising faster (+0.642% from +0.611%) than their much longer dated counterpart. This would suggest that a June rate hike remains on the table even with Yellen’s highly touting data dependence this week. Fed futures are now pricing in a +33% chance of a +25bps hike in June while a September hike is fully priced in.

The EUR managed to fall off its own cliff in the wake of the U.S CPI data and this despite most of the market wading to the sidelines hoping to wait out month-end activities. Outright, the 19-member single currency fell to a one-month low just under the psychological €1.1200 handle. The USD continues to consolidate its recent strength into the weekend following the US core inflation as the lower European yields are helping to give the greenback an advantage ahead of the formal launch of the ECB’s QE program. The EUR bears remain confident and are now waiting for QE to begin.

On Tap for Next Week

Thrills and spills are very much on the cards for next week. Central Banks rate announcements will dominate the agenda, followed in hot pursuit by next Friday’s U.S non-farm payrolls release. Ms. Yellen and her colleagues spoke positively about the U.S job situation this week. Will U.S employment data back the Fed up?

Like Yellen, Governor Poloz from the BoC did not provide a clear signal about whether the Bank of Canada will again lower interest rates at next week’s policy meeting during a speech this week. He emphasized that last months -25bps cut (on the back of plummeting energy prices) buys time to see how the Canadian economy responds.

The majority assumed it was a slam-dunk that the BoC would be easing again on March 4; however, the possibility of a potential pause has thrown an extra spanner into the Canada’s bear tool kit. The cut last month was aimed at taking out “some insurance” against these risks. Being proactive gives the governor confidence that the Canadian economy will return to capacity by the end of next year. Last months rate cut to +0.75% was the first since 2009. The Governor seems to have stepped away from “transparency” and has become rate “opaque.” The loonie dealers could be in for a wild ride now that the BoC has everyone guessing.

The ECB’s next meeting on March 5 will not match the January 22 meeting in terms of excitement. However, investors may be privy enough to getting some QE direction. The ECB might be in a position to reveal the exact starting date and list of agencies eligible for QE purchases.

The bulk of next week’s excitement will be centered on the U.S job market data. Can the world’s largest economy continue to churn out a strong monthly report? Will the U.S manage to move the unemployment needle towards full-employment?

MarketPulse Economic Calendar


* CNY HSBC Final Manufacturing PMI
* GBP Manufacturing PMI
* EUR CPI Flash Estimate
* USD ISM Manufacturing PMI
* AUD Rate Statement
* GBP Construction PMI
* CAD Gross Domestic Product GDP
* AUD Gross Domestic Product GDP
* GBP Services PMI
* USD ADP Non-Farm Employment Change
* CAD BOC Rate Statement
* USD ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI
* GBP Official Bank Rate
* EUR ECB Press Conference
* USD Unemployment Claims
* CAD Ivey PMI
* CAD Trade Balance
* USD Non-Farm Employment Change
* USD Trade Balance

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Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell