Inflation shock, Stocks pare losses as Wall Street eyes half point March Fed rate hike, bitcoin

A hot inflation release has Wall Street bracing for a half-point Fed rate hike in March, with a full percentage point of hikes by July.  Everything got more expensive in January and fears remain that it will get worst. US stocks initially tumbled after surging prices made swap markets add another Fed rate hike, bringing the total to six Fed rate increases this year. Technology stocks suffered the biggest blow as underlying inflationary pressures remain strong and support expectations for hotter reports over the next month or two.  The US consumer is clearly weakening here as rents, electricity, energy, and food prices continue to trend higher.

The Fed will be tested here as they were hoping to have a gradual tightening cycle and not a mad dash that looks like a policy mistake.  With core inflation well above the Fed’s target and real average hourly earnings declining, the political pressure will also grow on the Biden administration and Democrats. November is still far away, but this inflation report is showing price increases are everywhere and resistance is growing for more fiscal packages that will fuel further pricing pressures.

US stocks recovered most of the inflation-driven losses as investors anticipate that pricing pressures could be peaking just before the Fed’s March policy meeting. Two of the biggest inflationary pressures have been surging shelter prices and new vehicles, both of which seem poised to be improving next quarter.  The housing market will undoubtedly peak now that mortgage rates have skyrocketed to 3.69%, the highest level since January 2020.  New car pricing was unchanged in January and that could be a sign that manufacturers are finally getting their semiconductor chips.

US CPI hits 40-year high

US inflation jumped to a new four-decade high on robust demand and as supply chain issues persist.  The consumer price index came in hotter-than-expected on both a monthly and annual rate. The 7.5% increase from a year earlier, was towards the upper boundaries of the 7.0% to 7.6% consensus range.  On a monthly basis, inflation rose 0.6%, which was the same pace in December.

The one positive is that the cost for new vehicles was flat, snapping a streak of several 1% gains.  The chip shortage problem may be improving a little faster than we have thought.


The dollar initially rallied as risk aversion ran wild after a hot inflation report have many on Wall Street worried about the strength of the US consumer. Currency traders expecting the dollar to continue to have gains as more Fed rate hikes get priced in might be disappointed as the other advanced economies are not too far behind. Commodity currencies and the British pound turned positive after FX markets digested the inflation report.


Bitcoin prices are holding up nicely given the surge in global bond yields.  Bitcoin’s best environment going forward is risk appetite and that might prove to be difficult until we get past the first couple of rate hikes by the Fed. Bitcoin’s institutional investors are focused on Treasuries as that momentum trade appears to be rather straightforward.  Bitcoin seems poised to consolidate between the USD 40,000 and USD 50,000 level over the short-term.

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Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Contributing Author at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya was a Senior Market Analyst with OANDA for the Americas from November 2018 to November 2023. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Prior to OANDA he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business, cheddar news, and CoinDesk TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most respected global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Seeking Alpha, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.