Every Financial Market is awaiting Powell’s Testimony; Fed Minutes and BOC decision on tap

Financial markets are eagerly awaiting the beginning of the Fed’s easing cycle.  While the US economy enters the 11th year in the current expansion, global economic slowdown worries, a neverending trade war, and deflationary pressures have the Fed poised to deliver an insurance cut this month and possibly more in the following meetings to ensure a soft landing.

The most anticipated event of the week is Fed Chair Powell’s two days of testimony on Capitol Hill.  Despite a robust labor market, the US economy is slowing down, as global growth concerns remain elevated as trade tensions show no immediate signs of easing.  Equities could fall under pressure if Powell commits to only one rate cut and if he is content on waiting to see if inflation continues to stabilize and if the risks to the economy improve.  The Minutes will also be released in the afternoon and  should be rather dovish, but will likely take a backseat to Powell.

  • Powell to reiterate Fed will act as appropriate (signalling the July meeting is live)
  • Souring global trade and risks to the outlook could raise 2019 Fed rate cut expectations from 2 to 3
  • Stocks receiving some support from renewed trade talk momentum

The fate of the US stock market will continue to rely on a strong dovish commitment by the Fed, continued progress with the US-China trade war and for the upcoming earnings season to keep on targeting a strong fourth quarter rebound.  The dollar is potentially poised to finally breakout of its tight range against the euro on expectations the Fed will be delivering more rate cuts than the other major central banks going forward.

Trade War

Trade updates have been quiet since the G20 sideline meetings between President Trump and Xi.  Markets were relieved that the two leaders resumed negotiations, with the US holding off on delivering new tariffs and reducing pressure on Huawei, while China resumed purchases of agricultural goods and the continuation of existing US tariffs.

Today, US and Chinese officials continued negotiations over the phone, in what is expected to shortly yield an in-person meeting.  Both sides are politically motivated to wrap this up.  China initially thought they would be better waiting out Trump, but now that it seems he is likely to get re-elected.  China will try to persuade him to agree on more purchases of US goods in exchange for the limited changes on structural reform.


Bank of Canada is the last central bank that needs to go full dove.  Canada’s economy is starting to show signs of weakness, but they should be able to wait a couple more months before having to signal the economy is in need for stimulus.  Inflation and GDP remain strong, while the consumer and trade have softened.  Currently markets are pricing in a 24% chance of a rate cut at the October 30th meeting.

Earnings Season

Another earnings season is upon us and this should be a very disappointing one with negative growth around 2.3% and possible further cuts to guidance.  So far we have seen a severe cut to guidance from the world’s largest chemical maker, BASF.  Levi Straus reported disappointing earnings that missed the lowest estimate, while Pepsico continued its string of strong results.  Next week the financial report and the health of the consumer will closely be watched.  In order for markets to remain confident with US stocks the US consumer needs to remain strong.


Minister Carlos Urzua surprise resignation sent the peso tumbling, marking the first major resignation in Andres Manual Lopez Obrador’s government.  Urzua was well respected and his criticism of the AMLO administration highlights a growing skepticism for the government’s policies.  Assistant Finance Minister Arturo Herrera was named Urzua’s replacement, a strong pick, but unlikely to dissuade the overall concerns with the Mexico’s leadership.  The peso could remain vulnerable in the short-term as risks for further sovereign downgrades are growing.


The British pound fell earlier in Europe after a survey showed economist feel the BOE will not change policy until the second quarter in 2021.  Parliament was busy in debating amendments in what was supposed to possibly take the no-deal risk off the table.  The amendment that did pass will require Parliament to gather every two weeks to provide updates on North Ireland, making it impossible for a new PM to suspend Parliament in order to deliver a no-deal Brexit.


West Texas Intermediate crude surged after the weekly API oil inventories posted a third consecutive strong draw.  Crude stockpiles fell 4.97 million barrels last week, possibly suggesting demand has been improving.  Energy markets could continue to rise if Fed Chair Powell’s testimony to Congress reinforces bets that will cut rates will begin with the July 30-31 meeting and that more risks to the economy would likely warrant further cuts.


Gold is slightly softer on the stronger dollar that stemmed from the better-than-expected employment report that lowered Fed rate cut bets.  The bull case for bullion remains intact as stimulus is coming from the big four central banks (Fed, ECB, PBOC, and BOJ).  Earnings weakness is also expected to support the yellow metal as we start to see further cuts to guidance.

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Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Contributing Author at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya was a Senior Market Analyst with OANDA for the Americas from November 2018 to November 2023. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Prior to OANDA he worked with TradeTheNews.com, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business, cheddar news, and CoinDesk TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most respected global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Seeking Alpha, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.