Week Ahead – All About Inflation, BOE decision pushed back, Xi to meet Putin

As the world mourns the death of Queen Elizabeth II, the longest-serving British monarch, a series of royal protocols will now unfold. Her majesty was a reassuring constant throughout a world that was always changing. The world will now reflect on memories of her Majesty.

The financial world will see some scheduling changes but will mostly roll on. The Bank of England has postponed the committee’s rate decision until September 22nd, while the Office of National Statistics will still release key GDP, inflation, unemployment and retail sales data.

The main economic data release for the trading week is the US inflation report. If US inflation decelerates even further in August, Wall Street might grow confident that the Fed may be done with its interest rate hiking cycle by the end of the year.  It might be premature for calls that the Fed is getting close to slowing their pace of rate hikes, but a couple more cooler-than-expected inflation reports might do the trick.

Inflation Report is last big data before FOMC decision

A wrath of major UK economic data will still be released

President Xi meets Russia’s Putin


US

It is all about inflation and Wall Street is looking for further signs that pricing pressures are easing. The August inflation report is expected to show an 8.1% price increase on the year, which would be an improvement from the 8.5% pace seen last month. Core inflation however might not be decelerating and that could keep the Fed committed to aggressive tightening. This is the last major economic release before the September 21st FOMC meeting that has most economists expecting another 75 basis-point rate increase.  Other key data includes a couple Fed regional surveys and the preliminary consumer sentiment report for September.

EU

With so long to go until the next ECB meeting, it can be easy to be a little dismissive of the economic data but that won’t be possible next week. The central bank hiked interest rates by 75 basis points in September and could do so again next month. Which is what makes next week so interesting. Not only do we get the revised inflation data, we also hear from a number of policymakers including Christine Lagarde over the weekend.

What’s more, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen will deliver her state of the European Union address to the European Parliament on Wednesday which investors will no doubt pay close attention to.


UK

The country is in mourning after the passing of Queen Elizabeth II and over the next week, little else will matter.

That said, the economy is in a precarious position and facing a recession, one new Prime Minister Liz Truss will hope her energy plan will significantly ease. But with inflation still at eye-watering levels, the Bank of England has a big job on its hands. The rate decision has been postponed by a week in light of the Queen’s passing.  We will get the latest interest rate decision along with the latest inflation, labour market, retail sales and GDP data.

Russia

The CBR is expected to cut rates again next week, taking the key rate from 8% to 7.5%. Inflation falling and a strong rouble have allowed for that and further cuts may follow.

South Africa

Another quiet week with retail sales on Wednesday the only notable release.

Turkey

A selection of economic data next week with the highlight being the unemployment rate. In reality, it doesn’t matter when the central bank keeps cutting rates regardless of soaring inflation.

Switzerland

Light on the data next week with PPI inflation the only release. The SNB looks likely to hike again in a couple of weeks, with 75 basis points heavily backed. Given its history of policy surprises, we can’t discount the possibility of a move before then.


China

The annual rate of foreign direct investment in China (from the beginning of the year to August) and the annual rate of retail sales in China in August will be a focus for the yuan in the short term.  The release of important US data will also have a significant impact on the CNY, so it is also important to focus on the upcoming US CPI data for August. If the data has fallen significantly, it may support the yuan in the short term. Equally, a lot is now priced in for the dollar which could soon favour non-US currencies if we see a case of “buy the rumour, sell the fact”.

It’s also worth noting that a lot of effort is being made to support the economy at a time of severe growth headwinds including Covid lockdowns. Further policy surprises may be on the horizon.

Chinese President Xi is expected to meet with Russian President Putin at the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit in Uzbekistan.

India

A selection of economic data next week with the most notable being inflation and industrial output. The former in particular may soon allow the RBI to slow the pace of tightening.

Australia & New Zealand

Australia’s unemployment rate for August is due on Thursday. Global risk aversion has risen over the past few weeks which has been detrimental to the risk-sensitive Australian dollar. This, coupled with recent PMI releases from a number of countries falling below the 50 level has also been unfavourable to commodity currencies.

The recent NZ ANZ Commodity Price Index came in at -3.3% MoM, missing expectations of -1.3% and the previous reading of -2.2%, following the pullback in commodity prices.  New Zealand’s second-quarter GDP will be released next Thursday, while the manufacturing PMI for August will be released on Friday. Even if the data is positive, it may only be a short-term positive for the New Zealand dollar.

Japan

The divergence between the Fed’s tightening cycle and the Bank of Japan’s steady approach continues to support the dollar against the yen. The pair has soared above 140 this week which has prompted an onslaught of commentary from Japanese officials warning of a possible response. At the moment, it appears to be all talk which is why markets are shrugging it off. If next week’s release of Japanese economic data is positive, it could provide short-term support for the yen.

Singapore

A light data week with unemployment the only notable number on Monday.

Markets

Energy

Oil prices rebounded late in the week after collapsing more than 5% on Wednesday on renewed global growth concerns. With policymakers around the world still hawkish on interest rates, most notably in the US, and China locking down major cities in its zero-tolerance fight against Covid, the demand outlook is weakening.

After such a long period of supply driving the crude price, it’s demand that appears to be dominating now with traders anticipating a slowdown, maybe even a recession next year. I can only imagine how OPEC+ is taking the recent price moves, with its warnings and token cut seemingly falling on deaf ears. An emergency meeting may well be on the cards ahead of its scheduled October gathering.

Gold

Gold enjoyed a little reprieve on Wednesday, as yields pared recent gains and the dollar pulled off its highs. I’m not sure we should get too excited about gold’s resurgence just yet. The rebound means crucial $1,680 support continues to hold for now but given the backdrop of hawkish central banks and immense uncertainty in the markets, I’m not sure traders are ready to abandon the dollar just yet.

That said, it will be interesting if gold can manage to catapult itself back above $1,730 as that would suggest – in the short term at least – it has found some favour in the markets. With a double bottom perhaps forming in gold, a break of $1,730 could indicate a much more significant corrective move, even if the longer-term trend is still very much against it.

Cryptos

It will be a busy week in the cryptoverse as the long awaited Ethereum Merge is expected to be completed and as many crypto influencers will speak at the Cryptocurrency Seminar in New York.

Bitcoin’s correlation with equities is still holding up despite increasing retail pessimism. After breaking below the $20,000 level, many investors are waiting to see if Bitcoin will retest the summer lows.

The Week Ahead

Saturday, Sept. 10
Economic Data/Events:
● Second day of EU finance ministers’ meeting in Prague.
● Greek PM Mitsotakis delivers a speech on policy priorities

Sunday, Sept. 11
Economic Data/Events:
● China FDI (to be released this week)
● US President Joe Biden to commemorate anniversary of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks
● Sweden’s parliamentary election.
● Russia holds regional elections.
● Japan’s southern island prefecture of Okinawa holds a gubernatorial election.

Monday, Sept. 12
Economic Data/Events:
● India industrial production, CPI
● Italy industrial production
● Japan machine tool orders
● New Zealand net migration
● Turkey current account, unemployment rate
● UK industrial production, services index, trade balance
● ECB’s Schnabel makes opening remarks at the central bank’s annual research conference
● The SALT conference takes place in New York City
● International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors meeting in Vienna.

Tuesday, Sept. 13
Economic Data/Events:
● US CPI, NFIB Small Business Optimism, monthly budget statement
● Australia household spending, consumer confidence, business conditions
● China medium-term lending
● Germany CPI, ZEW survey expectations
● Japan PPI, machinery orders
● Mexico international reserves
● New Zealand home sales, food prices
● Spain CPI
● Thailand consumer confidence
● Turkey industrial production
● UK jobless claims, unemployment
● Congressional primary elections in Delaware, Rhode Island and New Hampshire
● UK Prime Minister Truss takes questions in the House of Commons.
● US Census Bureau releases 2021 income, poverty and health insurance statistics.
● The 77th UN General Assembly opens in New York

Wednesday, Sept. 14
Economic Data/Events:
● US PPI
● Euro area industrial production
● Hong Kong industrial production, PPI
● India trade, wholesale prices
● Israel trade
● Japan industrial production, capacity utilization, trade balance
● Philippines overseas remittances
● New Zealand BoP
● South Africa retail sales
● UK CPI, retail price index, factory output prices, house price index
● EIA Crude Oil Inventory Report
● Chinese President Xi Jinping is expected to travel to Kazakhstan for a state visit.
● European Commission President von der Leyen delivers the State of the Union speech in Strasbourg.
● ECB’s Villeroy delivers the IMF’s annual Michel Camdessus Central Banking Lecture.
● The Business Roundtable releases its quarterly CEO Economic Outlook Index.

Thursday, Sept. 15
Economic Data/Events:
● US business inventories, empire manufacturing, retail sales, initial jobless claims, industrial production
● China industrial production, fixed-asset investment and retail sales.
● Australia unemployment, consumer inflation expectations
● Canada existing home sales
● France CPI
● India BoP
● Israel CPI
● Japan trade, tertiary index, Bloomberg economic survey
● New Zealand GDP, PMI
● Poland CPI
● UK BOE rate decision: Expected to raise rates by either a half-point increase or three-quarter point jump.
● Chinese President Xi Jinping is expected to meet Russian leader Putin in Uzbekistan. Putin may also speak with Turkish President Erdogan.
● ECB’s de Guindos gives the keynote speech at the annual International Conference in Lisbon.
● The Ethereum blockchain’s software upgrade, the so-called Merge, is expected to happen this week

Friday, Sept. 16
Economic Data/Events:
● US University of Michigan consumer sentiment, TIC flows
● Canada housing starts
● China home sales, property investment, retail sales, industrial production, fixed assets, surveyed jobless rate
● Euro area CPI, new car registrations
● Italy CPI, trade balance
● Japan department store sales
● New Zealand manufacturing PMI
● Russia rate decision: Expected to cut Key Rate by 50bps to 7.50%
● Singapore non-oil domestic exports, electronic exports
● Thailand foreign reserves, forward contracts, car sales
● ECB’s Rehn delivers the keynote speech at the Bank of Finland/Center for Economic Policy Research joint conference on “Monetary Policy in the Post-Pandemic era.”
● NATO military chiefs meet in Estonia

Sovereign Rating Updates:
– Belgium (Fitch)
– Iceland (Fitch)
– Belgium (S&P)
– Spain (S&P)
– European Union (Moody’s)
– Greece (Moody’s)
– Greece (DBRS)

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Senior Market Analyst, The Americas at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya is a senior market analyst with OANDA, producing up-to-the-minute intermarket analysis, coverage of geopolitical events, central bank policies and market reaction to corporate news. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Most recently he worked with TradeTheNews.com, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business and Sky TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most renowned global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Breitbart, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.
Ed Moya