DAX Edges Lower on Soft German Services PMI

The DAX index has posted slight losses in Thursday trade. In the European session, DAX is trading at 12,43.50, down 0.35% on the day. On the release front, German Final Services PMI dipped to 53.1, short of the estimate of 53.5 points. Eurozone Final Services was stronger, which matched the estimate with a reading of 55.4 points. Eurozone Retail Sales edged up to 0.5%, beating the forecast of 0.0%. On Friday, the US releases Nonfarm Payrolls, which should be treated as a market-mover.

Eurozone inflation remains well below the ECB’s target of around 2%, and there was no relief from Eurozone PPI in June. The index declined 0.1%, its second straight decline. The indicator has not managed to post a gain since January.  On Tuesday, German indicators were mixed. Manufacturing PMI slowed to 58.1, missing the estimate of 58.3 points. Still, this points to steady expansion in the manufacturing sector. Unemployment Change dropped by 9 thousand, beating the estimate. Germany’s labor market remains robust, and unemployment rolls have dropped every month in 2017 but one. Meanwhile, Eurozone Preliminary Flash GDP posted a respectable gain of 0.6%, the highest gain since Q1 of 2016.

The ECB continues to stick with its ultra-accommodative monetary policy, and with the euro-area struggling with weak inflation, the bank is unlikely to make any moves in the next few months. Currently, ECB interest rates stand at a flat 0.00%, where they have been pegged since March 2o16. Under the bank’s quantitative easing program (QE), the bank has been purchasing assets at a rate of EUR 60 billion/month. The QE program is scheduled to wind up in December, although the ECB has provided itself with some wiggle room, saying that that it could extend the program “if necessary”. With the eurozone economy finally flexing some muscle in 2017, there has speculation that the ECB would tighten policy, and this has led to some frenzied buying of euros, much to the consternation of the ECB. At a conference of central bankers in June, ECB President Mario Draghi said that the reflationary forces could result in the bank “adjusting the parameters” of current stimulus. The comments did not appear to mark a change in ECB policy, but investors seized on the remarks and the euro soared. The ECB was caught off guard, and resorted to the unusual step of stating that the markets had misinterpreted Draghi’s comments. Given that fiasco, it’s a safe bet that the ECB will be ultra-cautious in upcoming statements in order to avoid any repeat convulsions in the markets. At the same time, as we approach the December timeline for winding up QE, the ECB would do well to act in a transparent fashion and let the markets know if the QE program will indeed wind up in December. A lack of transparency could trigger market volatility, which is precisely what ECB policymakers wish to avoid.

Earlier in the year, the Fed all but promised three rates hikes in 2017, but so far has delivered only two increases. With the Fed not considering another move before December, investor attention has shifted to the Fed’s balance sheet, which stands at $4.2 trillion. Fed policymakers have broadly hinted at reducing purchases of bonds and securities starting in September, but San Francisco Fed President John Williams was more forthcoming about the Fed’s plans, likely aimed at giving notice to the markets. In a speech on Wednesday, Williams said that the economy had “fully recovered” from the 2008 financial crisis and called on the Fed to start trimming the balance sheet “this fall”. Williams added that the process would be gradual and would take four years to reduce the balance sheet to a “reasonable size”.  On Wednesday, two other FOMC members also came out in support of starting to taper the balance sheet – St. Louis Fed President James Bullard and Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester.

Economic Calendar

Thursday (August 3)

  • 3:55 German Final Services PMI. Estimate 53.5. Actual 53.1
  • 4:00 ECB Economic Bulletin
  • 4:00 Eurozone Services PMI. Estimate 55.4. Actual 55.4
  • 5:00 Eurozone Retail Sales. Estimate 0.0%. Actual 0.5%

Friday (August 4)

  • 8:30 US Nonfarm Employment Change. Estimate 181K

*All release times are EDT

*Key events are in bold

DAX, Thursday, August 3 at 6:30 EDT

Open: 12,138.50 High: 12,179.50 Low: 12,099.00 Close: 12,143.50

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Kenny Fisher joined OANDA in 2012 as a Currency Analyst. Kenny writes a daily column about current economic and political developments affecting the major currency pairs, with a focus on fundamental analysis. Kenny began his career in forex at Bendix Foreign Exchange in Toronto, where he worked as a Corporate Account Manager for over seven years.