The rate of consumer price index (CPI) inflation increased to 2.7% in May, up from 2.4% in April, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said.
The ONS said the rise was due to a record increase in airfares and higher fuel prices.
Airfares rose by 22% between April and May, the highest increase since comparable records began in 2001.
The Bank of England has said it expects inflation to exceed 3% this year.
May’s rise in inflation was higher than analysts predicted.
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