Dollar might face hard times in 2019

Dollar bulls have wined and dined like kings and queens in 2018.  The greenback appreciated the most against the emerging market currencies.  The earlier part of the year saw the focus on rising US interest rates and political stories lead the way lower for EM.  Trade wars also contributed to the risk-off narrative and will likely be a key area of focus in Q1.

  • Emerging Market Currencies will try to outperform early in H1
  • Stocks ready to rally once trade spat resolved
  • Brexit clarity needed before cable traders return

Volatility was the story for Q4 as some of the major indexes fell over 20%.  The panic that hit the markets saw safe-haven currencies surge on market uncertainty regarding trade wars, Fed quantitative tightening (QT), a partial government shutdown in the US, and Brexit worries.  While the data in the US has been softer, many parts of the economy are still strong, such as record-low unemployment and near 3.0% GDP growth.  With many risk events in play for the first quarter, we could see Fed policy remain on hold until the latter part of the year.  If the Fed pauses interest rate increases and signals a goal on when QT will stabilize, we could see some headwinds for the US dollar in the first half of the year.

Will the Oil bottom hold?

Thin volumes supported the Christmas Eve oil collapse to $42.36 and everyone will closely watch to see if that level holds.  While most analysts expect oil to be higher by the end of 2019, the fundamental concerns on both the supply and demand side could see the meltdown continue.  In January, we may hear more talks of extending cuts from OPEC+, US offshore drilling companies may need to scale back operations if oil stays near current levels, and if we see a framework agreement on the trade spat between the US and China, we could see positive sentiment return to the battered commodity.

Brexit outcome nearing

We are well under 90 days until the Brexit deadline and no one wants to trade sterling because no one has a clue how Brexit will play out.  The expectations are still slightly for a soft Brexit, but money managers are not ready just yet to place their bets.  A hard exit is still a possibility and that is preventing most long-term bullish bets from just being placed.  PM May appears poised to lose the vote in Parliament on the week of January 14th.  After the vote, we could see Jeremy Corbyn deliver on his threat of a no confidence motion on the government, which could lead to a general election.  The House of Commons recess ends on January 7th, but we could see the MPs called back earlier.  The smart money remains on the sidelines as the scenarios on how this will evolve remain plentiful.  We should start to see some positioning after the Parliament vote.

Treasuries continue to advance

US Treasury yields continue to slide as the 10-year yield fell to the lowest level since February.  The 10-year and 2-year gap widened to 19.85 basis points alleviating concerns that the Fed’s tightening process would invert the yield curve.  All eyes will be on Fed Chair Powell’s January 4th interview at the annual meeting of the American Economic Association in Atlanta.  The market does not agree with the Fed’s dot plot and seeks clarity on quantitative tightening, so every event Powell attends will be closely watched for further dovish commitments.

Market events to watch this week:

Monday, December 31
Year End
10:30am USD Dallas Fed Manufacturing Activity
7:00pm KRW Trade Balance

Tuesday, January 1
Bank Holiday
Brazil’s new President is sworn in
8:45pm CNY Caixin Manufacturing PMI

Wednesday, January 2nd
9:45am USD Markit Manufacturing PMI (final reading)

Thursday, January 3
2:00am TRY Turkey Consumer Price Inflation (CPI)
8:15am USD ADP Employment Change
8:30am USD Jobless Claims
10:00am USD ISM Manufacturing
8:45pm CNY Caixin Services PMI

Friday, January 4
4:30am GBP UK Services PMI
5:00am EUR Euro Zone CPI Flash Estimate
8:30am USD Non-Farm Payrolls & Unemployment Rate
8:30am CAD Employment Change & Unemployment Rate
11:00am USD Crude Oil Inventories

*All times EDT
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

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Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Contributing Author at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya was a Senior Market Analyst with OANDA for the Americas from November 2018 to November 2023.

His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies.

Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Prior to OANDA he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news.

Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business, cheddar news, and CoinDesk TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most respected global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Seeking Alpha, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal.

Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.