GBP/USD – Pound extends gains on US bank debacle, UK employment report and US inflation next

The British pound continues to rally and punched as high as 1.2141 earlier today before retreating. In the European session, GBP/USD is trading at 1.2100, up 0.56%.

There are no economic releases out of the US or UK or Monday, but the markets have plenty to digest after the sudden collapse of the Silicon Valley Bank (SVB). This marked the largest failure of a US bank since 2008 and has caused jitters in the markets over fears that the contagion could spread to other banks. The Fed and the Treasury Department quickly intervened and said SVB depositors would be protected. President Biden made an unscheduled television appearance and vowed to hold accountable those responsible for the SVB debacle. The President’s pledge may be reassuring, but the fact that he needed to address the nation reflects the concern that SVB could trigger a full-blown banking crisis. Over the weekend, New York officials closed Signature Bank, one of the main banks in the cryptocurrency sector.

Markets scale back rate bets after SVB

The SVB collapse has hurt the US dollar, as market pricing of interest rate expectations has massively shifted. Just last week, the markets had priced a 50-bp hike at 70% and a 25-bp increase at 30%. Currently, there is a 70% likelihood of a 25-bp increase and a 30% chance of the Fed holding rates at 4.75%. The dust hasn’t yet settled from the SVB failure so it’s understandable that the markets are jittery. If it becomes clear that no further banks are in danger of failing, we could see the markets again price in a 50-bp increase.

The US employment report on Friday was a mixed bag. Job growth came in at 311,000, cruising past the forecast of 225,000. The rest of the report was not as impressive and lent support to the view that the labour market may be about to cool. Wage growth ticked lower to 0.2% m/m, down from 0.3% in January and a consensus of 0.3%. As well, the unemployment rate rose to 3.6%, above the prior reading of 3.4%, which was also the estimate.

On Tuesday, we’ll get a look at key releases on both sides of the pond. The UK releases employment, with unemployment claims expected to fall by 12,400 in February, following a 12,900 decline in January. In the US, all eyes will be on the February inflation report, with headline CPI expected to fall to 6.0%, down from 6.4% in January. I expect further volatility from GBP/USD on Tuesday.


GBP/USD Technical

  • GBP/USD tested resistance at 1.2113 earlier in the day. Above, there is resistance at 1.2294
  • There is support at 1.1984 and 1.1854

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Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Market Analyst at OANDA
A highly experienced financial market analyst with a focus on fundamental analysis, Kenneth Fisher’s daily commentary covers a broad range of markets including forex, equities and commodities. His work has been published in several major online financial publications including, Seeking Alpha and FXStreet. Based in Israel, Kenny has been a MarketPulse contributor since 2012.