Stocks rise, US dollar drops as Fed soothes the markets

What a week! European stocks are heading higher at the end of a volatile week. Despite today’s gains, bourses are set for weekly declines after US inflation jitters and falling commodity prices unnerved investors.

Today, concerns over runaway US inflation have been offset by signs that the labour market recovery is still on track and reassuring Fed speakers. The Fed continues to drum home the message that it’s too soon to talk about tightening monetary policy, and the market is listening again. Fed speakers have been out in droves over the past few days, hoping to get the message across to the market: the Fed is not planning on moving on policy anytime soon.

Overnight, Governor Christopher Waller was the latest to join the chorus, insisting the Fed would need to see many more months of above-target inflation to raise interest rates.

The market is showing all the signs that it’s taking on board the Fed’s supportive message – treasury yields are falling, the US dollar weaker, and equities are higher. However, that resolve could be tested this afternoon with the release of US retail sales data.

Expectations are for retail sales to rise 1% month-on-month in April after surging an upwardly-revised 9.7% in March, thanks to the Federal stimulus programme. There’s a good chance this month’s retail sales number could come in ahead of forecasts as households continue spending those stimulus cheques.

US futures are heading higher ahead of the retail sales release, putting the bullish uptrend firmly back on track. With investors keen to buy the dips, the sell-off earlier this week is looking increasingly like a natural correction within the ongoing uptrend rather than anything more sinister.

Dollar weakens as labour market recovery eases inflation fears

The US dollar is slipping lower despite strong factory-gate inflation data and an upbeat jobs report in the previous session. Jobless claims hit a new pandemic low with 473k initial claims made last week. Meanwhile, producer price inflation rose 0.6% month-on-month in March, twice the expected value. On an annual basis, PPI surged 6.2%, which is the largest jump since the data started being tracked in 2010.

The improving labour market data appears to have calmed inflation fears. Concerns over labour shortages following the weak non-farm payroll have exasperated inflation fears this week, as this would put upward pressure on wages. Signs that the labour market recovery is still on track is helping the mood in the market and easing inflation concerns. This, combined with the Fed singing loudly from its dovish hymn sheet, is sending the greenback lower.

Attention will now turn to retail sales and consumer confidence data.

The softer tone surrounding the US dollar is supporting other G10 currencies. The euro is outperforming its major peers as investors look ahead to the release of the minutes from the latest European Central Bank meeting.


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This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Sophie Griffiths
Sophie Griffiths is a market analyst with OANDA, focusing on the UK and Europe. With almost 15 years of experience, she brings with her a deep-seated understanding of the financial markets, providing timely and relevant fundamental analysis across a broad range of asset classes.
Sophie Griffiths

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