Stocks settle lower post Yellen/Powell, US data, decent 2-year auction, BOC ends emergency programs, bitcoin rises

US stocks slumped after Treasury Secretary Yellen and Fed Chair Powell made an uneventful first joint appearance to the US House Committee on Financial Services.  Fed Chair Powell reiterated his optimism that the USD1.9 trillion stimulus package will not lead to an undesirable increase in inflation, adding that the Fed has tools to address any sustained pricing pressures.  Yellen reminded lawmakers that “very deep pockets of pain” are in the data.  She did not give any details on the proposed sustainable infrastructure spending plan.

The dovish duo defended their current stances on the economy and what else is needed to support the recovery.  It seems infrastructure spending could happen after most of the COVID lost jobs have returned.  Higher taxes will be needed to pay for infrastructure spending, so that probably means Republican support will be extremely difficult.  The cyclical rotation trade did not have any reasons to become optimistic given the current path for infrastructure spending.  The Russell 2000 led the declines while the S&P 500 index only posted a small loss.

US Data

The Richmond Fed manufacturing index and Philadelphia Fed Non-Manufacturing Index showed that manufacturing activity is healthy, while the service sector is becoming very optimistic.  The Richmond Fed Manufacturing survey gives good reason to remain optimistic with manufacturing activity.

The Philly Fed factory index surged to its highest level in nearly 50 years, which was mainly because the timing of the survey occurred when the USD1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan got finalized.

Optimism for the US economy remains strong following the Empire State, Philly Fed and Richmond indexes.

New home sales dropped to a nine-month low as the deep freeze that hit the south disrupted sales.  The housing market is slowly moving away from its peak.  As the US moves closer to returning to pre-pandemic life, the mass exodus from big cities will slow down.  Skyrocketing mortgage costs will eventually be a negative for the housing market, but right now it could incentivize some first-time buyers to lock in a mortgage.  Home sales may struggle for a couple of months, but optimism is still high for it to be strong heading into the summer.

The dollar is rallying on US growth exceptionalism, but mostly because of Europe’s worrying vaccine rollout and virus trends.

US Treasury Auction

The USD60 billion 2-year Treasury auction had robust direct demand. The two-year notes bid-to-cover was 2.54, an improvement from the 2.44 seen with the prior auction.  The yield on the 2-year Treasury yield was unchanged at 0.147%, while the 10-year yield fell 5.3 bps to 1.642%.


The Canadian dollar surged after the Bank of Canada gave the all-clear sign to ending its emergency liquidity programs on May 10th.  Liquidity is healthy and the economy is headed in the right direction.  The next step is to scale back asset purchases and that should signal policymakers are very confident with the current trajectory of the economy.


Bitcoin rose despite Fed Chair Powell’s reaffirmation of the tough stance that a digital currency can’t remain private-only.  Regulatory fears for cryptocurrencies are not going away anytime soon, but for now they seem like a distant risk.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Senior Market Analyst, The Americas at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya is a senior market analyst with OANDA, producing up-to-the-minute intermarket analysis, coverage of geopolitical events, central bank policies and market reaction to corporate news. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Most recently he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business and Sky TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most renowned global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Breitbart, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.
Ed Moya