Dollar drops to two-week low as safe-haven bid ebbs on trade optimism

The dollar fell to two-week lows on Thursday, with safe-haven demand for the currency waning, as investors grew optimistic about a trade deal between the United States and China.

“There is growing optimism that we could get some partial agreement on trade between the U.S. and China. I think both sides are needing to have a win,” said Edward Moya, senior market analyst, at OANDA in New York.

“So there is less safe-haven demand for the dollar. If we get some type of trade deal or mini-agreement or mandate, you’re going to see that being supportive of European assets. We’re seeing the euro now back above $1.10, which has been the resistance,” he added.

Chinese Vice Premier Liu He said on Thursday China is willing to reach an agreement with the United States on matters that both sides care about so as to prevent friction from leading to any further escalation, the state news agency Xinhua reported.

Liu, China’s top trade negotiator, made his comment in Washington when he met with U.S. officials. Trade talks between the two countries started on Thursday.

The markets also largely shrugged off core U.S. inflation data that was lower than forecast.

The dollar index, a gauge of the greenback’s value against six major currencies, was on track for its biggest daily drop in five weeks.

The yen, another safe haven in times of geopolitical and financial stress, also slid to a one-week trough against the dollar, weakening as well against riskier currencies but with higher yields such as the Australian dollar.

Earlier reports that the United States is weighing a currency pact with China that could also see a planned tariff hike next week being suspended fueled a rally in risky assets, and kicked of weakness in the dollar.

In mid-morning trading, the dollar index .DXY fell 0.3% to 98.83 and was on track for its biggest single-day drop since Sept. 4.

The dollar’s weakness ignited a rally in the euro EUR= with the single currency rallying to a two-week high. The euro was last at $1.1017, up 0.4%, as hedge funds cut back their extreme short bets.

Against the safe-haven yen, however, the dollar was last up 0.4% at 107.87 yen JPY=.

The dollar was little moved after data showed U.S. consumer prices were unchanged in September and underlying inflation slipped. The report supported expectations the Federal Reserve will cut interest rates in October for the third time this year.

The U.S. consumer price index edged up 0.1% in August. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast the CPI nudging up 0.1% in September and rising 1.8% on a year-on-year basis. Excluding the volatile food and energy components, the CPI climbed 0.1% after gaining 0.3% for three straight months.

Market bets for a quarter—point U.S. rate cut swelled to 85% at its next policy meeting in October, compared to 53% a month earlier.


This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Senior Market Analyst, The Americas at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya is a senior market analyst with OANDA, producing up-to-the-minute intermarket analysis, coverage of geopolitical events, central bank policies and market reaction to corporate news. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Most recently he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business and Sky TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most renowned global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Breitbart, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.
Ed Moya