Where do we stand
This week has seen the focus remain on central bank, particularly the disappointment with their ability to do what the market demands of them.
Last week it was Mario Draghi and the ECB that was seen to not be being dovish enough, this week it was the turn of Jerome Powell and the Fed  to frustrate. It’s becoming increasingly clear how much investors are reliant on the central banks to maintain the positive momentum. Earnings season is going well relative to expectations but is still on course for an earnings recession.
UK politicians may be on summer recess but with less than three months to go until the UK leaves the EU, as it stands without a deal, I don’t think too many of Boris’ team will be off on their holidays. The PR offensive is likely to continue and so far, this hasn’t been favorable for the pound .
Trade talks  resumed in Shanghai this week but it would appear they didn’t go to plan. Trump announced on Thursday that a 10% tariff will be slapped on $300 billion of imports from 1 September as he further ramps up the pressure on the Chinese regime to compromise on certain issues. While investors saw this as a sign that a Fed rate cut in September is more likely – almost guaranteed – that didn’t save the stock market which tumbled on the news.
The coming week sees a few major central bank meetings taking place and a scattering of data but it may be much quieter overall with traders left to seethe over the unwillingness of central banks to be the impulsive trigger happy officials we are usually happy they are not.
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Central Banks next week
The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) appears to be in pause mode for now after delivering 2 consecutive rate cuts. Rates are at record lows and headline inflation did tick higher in Q2. Market pricing only assigns a 6% chance of a cut at the meeting on Tuesday.
Another surprise cut cannot be ruled out but since the RBA is focusing on the unemployment rate, we have to wait until August 15 for the next data set; If it happens, Aussie  could get hit.
The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) last cut interest rates in May and markets are pricing in more than 90% probability of another 25bps cut on Wednesday. The RBNZ was one of the first central banks to start cutting rates by 25bps in May but held off in June.
Another 25bps rate cut from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is now priced in, which will be the fourth since the fourth quarter of 2018. India is facing the same issue as many other central banks: slowing growth and benign inflation. The Monetary Policy Committee has dovish leanings and market pricing suggests a more than 80% chance of a cut.
Full list of central bank meetings and speakers
Monday – No meetings or speeches
Tuesday – RBA (Australia) , Patrick Harker (Fed – Non-voter), James Bullard (Fed – voter)
Wednesday – CBH (Hungary), RBI (India), BoT (Thailand), RBNZ (New Zealand), BoJ (Japan) Summary of opinions, Charles Evans (Fed – Voter), Adrian Orr (RBNZ Governor)
Thursday – No meetings, no speeches
Friday – CNB (Czech Republic), RBA Monetary Policy Statement, Philip Lowe (RBA Governor)
Any hopes that Johnson’s victory would release some of the pressure on the pound were quickly dashed as his team seriously stepped up the Brexit no-deal PR offensive which has sent sterling spiraling. We’re now not far from post-referendum lows as no-deal is increasingly priced in. The currency is going to remain extremely volatile and vulnerable to no-deal threats. Sterling may have already fallen far but there could still be a long way to go.
No further escalations in the Persian Gulf over the last week but tensions remain high between Iran and the US/UK and the risk of further acts of hostility are likely. So far, all sides have refrained from overstepping the mark and significantly escalating the conflict but this could happen at any time, intentionally or not.The Strait of Hormuz is a hugely important passage that carries around 20% of all daily oil production. Any escalation that jeopardizes this could cause sharp spikes in oil prices.
There were more anti-govt demonstrations in Hong Kong at the weekend. What began as an anti-extradition law protest has morphed into a more deep-seated protest against the government. Protests are becoming more violent, with China accusing the US of “meddling” in the situation. A notion that Washington has denied.
Relations between the coalition government’s populist partners in Italy appears to be on the mend reducing the risk of a collapse in the near-term. The risk of renewed infighting will never go away between the two parties in what will remain a fragile and fiery partnership.
North Korea has conducted three sets of “projectile” test launches in the last week. They have all been short-range missiles so far and are seen as posturing ahead of a planned August military exercise by South Korea and the US. Trump tweeted on Friday claiming these not to be in violation of the agreement signed in Singapore, just possibly a United Nations violation. This may escalate but Trump seems keen to not allow that to happen.
Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies survived the Congressional grilling on Facebook’s proposed digital currency offering. The digital coin space has already been enduring an increased regulatory environment, but the Facebook proposed offering has caught the attention of all US government leaders. Current laws limit the reach Congress currently has on Libra since they are not a bank. The SEC could deem Libra a security and regulate them. Bitcoin’s rollercoaster ride continues and it’s anyone’s guess the extremes that prices can achieve. 10%+ days are not rare and markets are open over the weekend.
The Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT) cut interest rates by 4.25% last week, which exceeded market expectations but didn’t come as a great surprise. TRY took the decision in its stride and has since gained ground rather than lost it. The move was a clear sign that the central bank is no longer fully acting independently and is vulnerable to further interference and therefore rate cuts which may not get such a tame response. Inflation data on Monday will attract plenty of attention following the central banks moves.
Traders are reeling from the Fed’s refusal to go full dove on Wednesday which weighed on commodities in the middle of the week. Global stimulus efforts are generally supportive but markets have been left disappointed over the last couple of weeks. Oil has its eyes on other things, be it more inventory declines, the Persian Gulf, US output and global growth which was keeping it volatile but range-bound. Trump’s comments on Friday sparked commodity markets back to life, with gold back near its highs and oil tanking on the announcement. It should keep things interesting in the coming weeks.
|5 Aug 2019||01:30||Japan||High||Services PMI|
|01:30||Hong Kong||Medium||IHS Markit PMI|
|02:45||China (Mainland)||High||Caixin Services PMI|
|06:00||India||High||IHS Markit Svcs PMI|
|08:45||Italy||Medium||Markit/IHS Svcs PMI|
|08:45||Italy||Not Rated||Composite PMI|
|08:50||France||High||Markit Serv PMI|
|08:50||France||High||Markit Comp PMI|
|08:55||Germany||High||Markit Services PMI|
|08:55||Germany||High||Markit Comp Final PMI|
|09:00||Euro Zone||High||Markit Serv Final PMI|
|09:00||Euro Zone||High||Markit Comp Final PMI|
|09:30||United Kingdom||Medium||Markit/CIPS Serv PMI|
|09:30||United Kingdom||Not Rated||Composite PMI|
|14:00||Brazil||High||Markit Services PMI|
|14:00||Brazil||High||Markit Composite PMI|
|14:45||United States||High||Markit Comp Final PMI|
|14:45||United States||High||Markit Svcs PMI Final|
|15:00||United States||High||ISM N-Mfg PMI|
|23:45||New Zealand||High||HLFS Unemployment Rate|
|6 Aug 2019||02:30||Australia||High||Trade Balance G&S (A$)|
|05:30||Australia||High||RBA Cash Rate|
|13:00||New Zealand||High||Milk Auctions|
|22:30||United States||Not Rated||API weekly crude stocks|
7 Aug 2019
|03:00||New Zealand||High||Cash Rate|
|07:00||Germany||High||Industrial Output MM|
|10:00||India||High||Cash Reserve Ratio|
|10:00||India||High||Reverse Repo Rate|
|15:30||United States||Not Rated||EIA Weekly Crude Stocks|
|8 Aug 2019||13:30||United States||High||Initial Jobless Claims|
|China (Mainland)||High||Trade Balance USD|
|9 Aug 2019||00:50||Japan||High||GDP QQ|
|02:30||China (Mainland)||High||CPI YY|
|02:30||China (Mainland)||Medium||CPI MM|
|06:45||Switzerland||Low||Unemployment Rate Unadj|
|07:00||Norway||High||Consumer Price Index YY|
|09:30||United Kingdom||High||GDP Estimate YY|
|09:30||United Kingdom||Medium||Industrial Output YY|
|09:30||United Kingdom||Medium||Manufacturing Output YY|
|09:30||United Kingdom||High||GDP Prelim QQ|
|09:30||United Kingdom||High||GDP Prelim YY|
|13:15||Canada||High||House Starts, Annualized|
|13:30||Canada||Medium||Building Permits MM.|
|13:30||Canada||Not Rated||Avg hrly wages Permanent employee YY|
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