GBP/USD – British pound flat on mixed U.S. numbers

GBP/USD has posted small gains on Friday, after recording slight losses in four successive sessions. Currently, GBP/USD is trading at 1.2626, up 0.14% on the day. On the release front, there are no major British events. It was a busy day for U.S. fundamentals. The Federal Reserve’s preferred inflation gauge, Core PCE Price Index, improved to 0.2%, matching the forecast. However, personal spending slowed to o.3%, after a strong gain of 0.9% in the previous release. Consumer confidence also softened, dropping from 102 in April to 100 in May.

The Federal Reserve continues insist that its stance is neutral with regard to interest rate moves. The Fed has said that the next rate move could be in either direction, but the markets are by no means convinced. The well-respected CME Group has priced in a quarter-point rate cut at 36% in June, and 46% in September. These figures are quite high, given the strength of the U.S. economy, which posted impressive growth of 3.1% in the first quarter. If the ongoing trade war with China continues, U.S. growth could soften, likely raising the odds of a rate cut in the next few months.

The Bank of England is forecasting weak growth for the British economy. Earlier in May, the bank projected growth of 1.5% for 2019 and 1.6% in 2020, and that is on the assumption that the Brexit process goes smoothly. On Thursday, Deputy Governor Dave Ramsden took issue with his MPC colleagues, saying that he is more pessimistic about the economic outlook and believes that growth will be less than the bank’s forecast. Ramsden warned that a no-deal Brexit without a transition period would have “large negative economic effects”. Ramsden added that even if the U.K. crashed out of the EU without a deal, it did not automatically mean that interest rates should be cut.

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GBP/USD Fundamentals

Friday (May 31)

  • 2:00 British Nationwide HPI. Estimate 0.0%. Actual -0.2%
  • 4:30 British M4 Money Supply. Estimate 0.4%. Actual 0.9%
  • 4:30 British Mortgage Approvals. Estimate 64K. Actual 66K
  • 4:30 British Net Lending to Individuals. Estimate 4.6B. Actual 5.2B
  • 8:30 US Core PCE Price Index. Estimate 0.2%. Actual 0.2%
  • 8:30 US Personal Spending. Estimate 0.2%. Actual 0.3%
  • 8:30 US Personal Income. Estimate 0.3%. Actual 0.5%
  • 9:45 US Chicago PMI. Estimate 55.1. Actual 54.2
  • 10:00 US Revised UoM Consumer Sentiment. Estimate 102.0. Actual 100
  • 10:00 US Revised UoM Inflation Expectations. Actual 2.9%
  • 12:00 US FOMC Member William Speaks

*All release times are DST

*Key events are in bold

GBP/USD for Friday, May 31, 2019

GBP/USD May 31 at 10:50 DST

Open: 1.2609 High: 1.2628 Low: 1.2559 Close: 1.2626

GBP/USD Technical

S1 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1.2401 1.2477 12615 1.2723 1.2841 1.2910

GBP/USD was flat in the Asian session. The pair posted losses in European trade but has recovered in the North American session

  • 1.2615 is fluid. Currently, it is a weak support line
  • 1.2723 is the next resistance line
  • Current range: 1.2615 to 1.2723

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1.2615, 1.2477 and 1.2401
  • Above: 1.2723, 1.2841, 1.2910 and 1.3000

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Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Market Analyst at OANDA
A highly experienced financial market analyst with a focus on fundamental analysis, Kenneth Fisher’s daily commentary covers a broad range of markets including forex, equities and commodities. His work has been published in several major online financial publications including, Seeking Alpha and FXStreet. Based in Israel, Kenny has been a MarketPulse contributor since 2012.