Dollar whipsaws following strong US Q1 GDP

GDP – Headline beat does not tell whole story

XI – Confirms trade deal is nearing

Oil – Short-term top in place

Gold- Sinks following solid GDP reading


3.2%!  The US economy grew at 3.2%, much higher than 2.3% consensus, and well above the 1.0% to 2.9% range.  It is a blockbuster number, but the components told a different story and with the dollar wrapping a solid week, we should not be surprised seeing a reversal following the release.

Net trade inventories and inventories were responsible for half the gains of GDP and Core PCE came in softer at 1.3%, well below the Fed’s target of 2.0%.  The complete story paints a mixed picture, with many believing the US economy, with the exception of the labor market is still slowing down.

–       USD: The dollar is now softer following the GDP report and we could see many investors unwind their bullish bets following the recent runup.

–       Treasury yields initially spiked higher but have reversed sharply following US GDP.  The 10-year yield dances around the 2.500% level.

Fed Fund futures had an interesting reaction following the 8:30am releases.  The strong GDP reading along with falling consumption and slightly softer inflation reading have increased rate cut expectations slightly for later in the year.  Expectations are at 25% for a rate cut at the June meeting and 50% at the September meeting.

President Xi delivered personal commitments that China will deliver on several key trade deal issues with the US at his speech at the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing. China will deliver a new foreign investment law that will protect foreign companies from forced technology transfers, remove rules that support unfair competition, no more yuan depreciation and opening up China to further foreign investments.

Trade negotiations pick up again in Beijing next week and it appears we are inching closer to a final deal that is looking more likely to happen in May.

The yuan rallied on the last trading day of the week after central bank set the daily reference rate much stronger than what was expected.

Crude prices were unable to keep the recent rally going despite a Russian pipeline outage. Details on how long the outage will last are unknown, but it appears crude prices are taking a breather here. Russia has not disclosed any plans on fixing the organic chloride problem, but that could change today when they meet with representatives from Belarus, Poland, and Ukraine.

The over 40% rally in oil prices were mainly attributed to the success of the OPEC + production cuts, sanctions on Iranian crude, slower velocity in the increase of US production, and easing of global growth concerns in the US and China. Some of those key drivers however are changing. Saudi Arabia will need to stop over complying with their production cuts to make up for the Iranian shortfall. Russia’s compliance may be waning. US production is expected to continue to accelerate in the warmer months. Europe continues to drag down global growth, but this may be short-lived.

The oil rally may be ready for a stronger pullback after Brent failed to hold the $75 a barrel. The recent surge accelerated once price broke above $70 a barrel, but now it appears recent bullish catalysts have failed to accelerate the move higher.


The precious metal initially gave up most of its gains after a much better than expected first quarter GDP reading, but followed the general reversal that hit all the asset classes.  Gold is still on target to muster up a 3-day rally here.  It will be hard for gold prices to continue to stabilize here if the US economy remains this strong.

Goldman Sachs slashed their gold forecasts, but still remain bullish.  The 3-month forecast was lowered $50 to $1,300 and the 12-month target fell $75 to $1,375 an ounce.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Senior Market Analyst, The Americas at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya is a senior market analyst with OANDA, producing up-to-the-minute intermarket analysis, coverage of geopolitical events, central bank policies and market reaction to corporate news. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Most recently he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business and Sky TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most renowned global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Breitbart, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.
Ed Moya