A New Year starting off with the same old trading habits

Wednesday January 2: Five things the markets are talking about

Investors enter 2019 remaining increasingly uncertain about where sovereign bond markets are heading given the confused interplay between interest rates, growth, and inflation that intensified in Q4, 2018.

The knock on effect from U.S interest rates will have a material impact on the ‘mighty’ U.S dollar and equity markets. Thus, it’s a necessity that the markets are focused firmly on the Fed.

Despite Fed officials continuing to express confidence in the U.S economy, the market remains worried that even though the Fed has scaled back its rate-raising plans for 2019, higher interest rates still pose a risk to expansion.

Note: The Fed last month had penciled in two hikes for 2019, rather than the three officials predicted in September. However, the market sees things differently, fixed income dealers have priced out any additional hikes this year with Fed fund futures implying no change and a -25 bps cut in 2020.

It’s not just the Fed actions that will have an impact on volatility, but it’s what they will also say in 2019. Investors need to keep an eye on the Fed’s own messaging.

Note: Fed Chair Powell will have the opportunity to once again lay out the Fed’s direction for 2019 as he joins former Fed Chairs Janet Yellen and Ben Bernanke for a joint discussion this Friday (Jan 5 10:15 am EDT).

Officials have signalled they intend to rely more on recent economic data in setting interest rates and coupled with Fed Chair Powell’s intention to hold news conferences after every FOMC policy meeting will only add to the volatility.

2019 has started on the back foot with global equities under pressure after disappointing Chinese data overnight has ruined investors hopes for an upbeat start to the New Year – safe havens including gold, Euro bonds and the yen have benefited in early trading.

On tap: The highlight of the week will be the two North American employment reports (Friday Jan 5 – CAD jobs and U.S non-farm payroll). Also Friday, the market will also be looking for some clarity from Fed Powell’s panel discussion titled “Federal Reserve chairs: Joint Interview.

1. Global equities suffer hangover

Disappointing data from the world’s second largest economy overnight is causing global equity markets to begin 2019 on the back foot. A private sector survey showed China manufacturing activity contracted for the first time in 19-months. The Caixin/Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for December fell to 49.7, from 50.2 m/m.

In Japan, equities were lower after the close this morning, as Pharma, Retail and Power sector losses took the lead lower. At the close, the Nikkei 225 fell -0.31%.

Down-under, Aussie stocks kicked off the New Year in the red, pressured by disappointing Chinese data – China is Australia’s largest trading partner and the AUD trades as a proxy for China economic growth. The S&P/ASX 200 index closed -1.6% lower – the benchmark ended -0.1% lower on Monday.

In China and Hong Kong, stocks slumped in their first trading session as investors digested the disappointing data, adding to concerns over trade and an economic slowdown. In China the blue-chip CSI300 index fell -1.4%, while the Shanghai Composite Index ended down -1.1%. In Hong Kong, at the close of trade, the Hang Seng index was down -2.77%, while the Hang Seng China Enterprises index fell -2.87%.

In Europe, regional bourses trade sharply lower across the board starting the year on a negative tone as weaker PMI data in Europe and China added to the negative sentiment.

U.S stocks are set to open in the red (-1.5%).

Indices: Stoxx 600 -0.44% at 334.20, FTSE -1.08% at 6,655.50, DAX -0.48% at 10,508.03, CAC-40 -1.90% at 4,640.96, IBEX-35 -1.55% at 8,407.85, FTSE MIB -1.57% at 18,035.50, SMI closed, S&P 500 Futures -1.49%

2. Oil kicks off New Year with losses on signs of economic slowdown

Oil markets start the New Year on the back foot, pulled down by surging U.S output and concerns about an economic slowdown in 2019 as factory activity in China, the world’s biggest oil importer, contracted.

Brent crude futures are at +$53.19 per barrel, down -61c, or -1.1%, from their final close of 2018. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures are at +$44.95 per barrel, down -47c, or -1%.

Note: Oil prices registered their first yearly decline in three-years in 2018 – Brent tumbled -20%, while WTI slumped -25%.

A number of factors are expected to provide heightened volatility in the commodity space in Q1, 2019. There is the markets uncertainty on Sino-U.S trade; there is Brexit, as well as political instability and conflict in the Middle East. There is U.S shale output numbers and there is OPEC’s and Russia’s supply discipline. All factors that are expected to have a meaningful impact on energy price in H1.

Gold prices scaled new heights earlier this morning, printing a six-month high, as the U.S dollar fell along with equities after disappointing data from China overnight flagged fears of a slowdown in global economic growth.

Spot gold was up +0.28% at +$1,285.71 an ounce, after hitting its highest since June 15, 2018 at +$1,287.31 earlier in the session. U.S gold futures have rallied +0.5% to +$1,287.80 per ounce.

3. Sovereign yields buckle

A disappointing Chinese PMI print overnight is keeping the demand for safety going, especially for German Bunds.

Overnight, German government Bund yields dropped to its lowest in 20-months as investors piled into one of the safest assets in the world on the back of widening stock market weakness and a gloomy global growth outlook.

The yield on Germany’s 10-year debt briefly dropped to +0.17%, it’s lowest since April 2017, before edging up to +0.183%, down -6 bps as we head towards the North American open. The German 2/10’s spread are at their tightest in over two-years at +79.90 bps.

On the horizon, supply will be an important factor for eurozone bond markets this month as countries start their annual funding programs.

Note: January is usually being the busiest month of the year.

Elsewhere, the yield on U.S 10’s has rallied less than +1 bps to +2.69%, the largest advance in a week. In the U.K, the 10-year Gilt yield fell -3 bps to +1.25%, the lowest in almost three-weeks, while the spread of Italy’s 10-year bonds over Germany’s rallied +4 bps to +2.53% to the biggest premium in a week.

4. Dollar under pressure from lower yields

The ‘mighty’ dollar has been dragged down by a steep fall in U.S Treasury yields over the last month as the market prices in the U.S Fed would not raise rates again in 2019, even though the Fed last month is still projecting at least two more hikes for this year.

Ahead of the U.S open, the dollar is somewhat mixed, edging up a tad on the EUR to €1.1445 and steady on a basket of currencies at 96.189 – DXY.

The safe-haven yen has extended its broad rally as the U.S dollar dropped to ¥109.37 in the overnight session, its lowest since June last year.

Elsewhere, the AUD, often used as a proxy for China sentiment, lost as much as -0.7% overnight, to print its lowest since February 2016 at A$0.7001.

5. U.K factories build up stockpiles before Brexit

Data this morning showed that U.K factories last month ramped up their stockpiling as they prepared for possible border delays when Britain leaves the E.U in less than three months’ time.

The IHS Markit/CIPS Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) rose to 54.2 from an upwardly revised 53.6 in November, the highest reading in six-months and stronger than all forecasts.

Markit said “the improvement did not herald a big change in the outlook for Britain’s stuttering economy and was caused in large part by manufacturers stockpiling inputs and finished goods, both of which were near record highs.”

Note: In December, the Bank of England (BoE) cut its forecasts for quarterly growth to just +0.2% in Q4 of 2018 and Q1 of 2019. It has warned that a worst-case Brexit could push Britain into a deep recession.

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This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell