Aussie tanks vs greenback (AUD/USD) after China’s horrendous industrial and retail sales data

Since the beginning of the year, the Australian dollar has dropped sharply against the greenback, predominantly on the stronger dollar move.  The US currency was stronger earlier in the year on the expectations the US economy was strong, and the Fed was poised to accelerate the pace of rate increases.  The last half of the year, the focus has been on concerns China is slowing, a critical component for the Australian economy, and that trade wars amongst the two largest economies are nowhere near ending.

Poor overnight Chinese data releases

Overnight, industrial output and retail sales misses rose concerns growth is decelerating fast than expected.  Industrial output for November came in at 5.4% from a year ago, the slowest pace since early 2016.  Retail Sales increased by 8.1% in November but was the weakest print since 2003.

China resumes MLF operations

After skipping the prior 35 open market operations the PBOC did conduct 1-year Medium-Term Lending Facility (MLF).  While the injection was mostly to cover up loans that were expiring, many are anticipating action from the PBOC as credit risks rise and economic data continues to disappoint.

All eyes on next week’s 2019 policy road map for China

China has maintained their stance that monetary policy will continue to be supportive, but many are starting to think they will need to do more sooner than expected.  Next week, leaders from China will have their annual economic policy-setting meeting.  They should outline their priorities, with the specific targets released in March.  If China is going to become more active in the markets, we could see a decision to cut the one-year lending rate.  The market consensus is for the key rate to be steady throughout 2019, but if we see China wanting to be proactive, they could act very soon.

AUD/USD Technical Analysis

Price action on the AUD/USD daily chart shows that today’s drop is tentatively taking the daily candle below the 50-day SMA.  If we continue to see commodity currencies under pressure, we could see price target the 0.7100 handle.  It is around that area that we could see a bullish Gartley pattern.  If valid, we could see a rebound target the 0.7200 region.  If the pattern is invalidated, further pressure could target the 2018 low of 0.7020.  Major support would come from 2016 low, which is the 0.6826 level


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Ed Moya

Ed Moya

Senior Market Analyst, The Americas at OANDA
With more than 20 years’ trading experience, Ed Moya is a senior market analyst with OANDA, producing up-to-the-minute intermarket analysis, coverage of geopolitical events, central bank policies and market reaction to corporate news. His particular expertise lies across a wide range of asset classes including FX, commodities, fixed income, stocks and cryptocurrencies. Over the course of his career, Ed has worked with some of the leading forex brokerages, research teams and news departments on Wall Street including Global Forex Trading, FX Solutions and Trading Advantage. Most recently he worked with, where he provided market analysis on economic data and corporate news. Based in New York, Ed is a regular guest on several major financial television networks including CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Yahoo! Finance Live, Fox Business and Sky TV. His views are trusted by the world’s most renowned global newswires including Reuters, Bloomberg and the Associated Press, and he is regularly quoted in leading publications such as MSN, MarketWatch, Forbes, Breitbart, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Ed holds a BA in Economics from Rutgers University.
Ed Moya