EUR/USD – Euro slightly higher on sharp German retail sales

EUR/USD has posted small gains in the Tuesday session. Currently, the pair is trading at 1.1724, up 0.16% on the day. On the release front, there are a host of events in both Europe and the U.S. In Germany, Retail Sales rebounded with a gain of 1.2%, edging above the estimate of 1.1%. French Preliminary CPI declined 0.1%, above the estimate of 0.3%. In the eurozone, CPI Flash Estimate edged up to 2.1%, above the forecast of 2.1%. Core CPI Flash Estimate gained 1.2%, above the forecast of 1.1%. Eurozone Preliminary Flash GDP dipped to 0.3%, shy of the estimate of 0.4%. In the U.S, we’ll get a look at consumer inflation and spending reports. As well, CB Consumer Confidence is expected to tick up to 126.5 points. On Wednesday, Germany, the eurozone and the U.S release manufacturing PMIs. As well, the Federal Reserve will release a rate statement.

The German consumer has been in a surly mood, with retail sales posting declines for most of 2018. After a 2.1% decline in May, there was a strong rebound in June, with a gain of 1.2%. In the eurozone, the inflation estimate for July ticked higher, but the GDP gain of 0.3% was a disappointment. The reading missed the estimate and marked the smallest gain since Q3 of 2016. The eurozone economy hit some headwinds in the first quarter, but second-quarter data has been better and the ECB remains on track to wind up its bond-purchase program at the end of the year. The massive stimulus program gets mixed marks, as the eurozone economy is in a growth stage, but inflation remains well below the ECB target of just below the 2 percent level.

The U.S economy continues to hum, and Advance GDP for Q2, the first of three GDP reports, posted a sparkling gain of 4.1%, just shy of the forecast of 4.2%. This was much stronger than the gain of 2.2% in Q1 and marked the strongest quarter of economic growth since 2014. President Trump took credit for the strong GDP report and claimed that “these numbers are very, very sustainable”. However, analysts are being more cautious in their forecasts, calling for growth in the third quarter of around 2.5 percent.

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EUR/USD Fundamentals

Tuesday (July 31)

  • 2:00 German Retail Sales. Estimate 1.1%. Actual 1.2%
  • 2:45 French Preliminary CPI. Estimate -0.3%. Actual -0.1%
  • 3:00 Spanish Flash GDP. Estimate 0.7%. Actual 0.6%
  • 3:55 German Unemployment Change. Estimate -10K. Actual -6K
  • 4:00 Italian Monthly Unemployment Rate. Estimate 10.8%. Actual 10.9%
  • 5:00 Eurozone CPI Flash Estimate. Estimate 2.0%. Actual 2.1%
  • 5:00 Eurozone Core CPI Flash Estimate. Estimate 1.0%. Actual 1.1%
  • 5:00 Eurozone Preliminary Flash GDP. Estimate 0.4%. Actual 0.3%
  • 5:00 Italian Preliminary CPI. Estimate 0.2%. Actual 0.3%
  • 5:00 Eurozone Unemployment Rate. Estimate 8.3%. Actual 8.3%
  • 8:30 US Core PCE Price Index. Estimate 0.1%
  • 8:30 US Employment Cost Index. Estimate 0.7%
  • 8:30 US Personal Spending. Estimate 0.4%
  • 8:30 US Personal Income. Estimate 0.4%
  • 9:00 US S&P/CS Composite-20 HPI. Estimate 6.4%
  • 9:45 Chicago PMI. Estimate 61.9
  • 10:00 US CB Consumer Confidence. Estimate 126.5

Wednesday (August 1)

  • 3:55 German Final Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 57.3
  • 4:00 Eurozone Final Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 55.1
  • Tentative – German 10-year Bond Auction
  • 8:15 US ADP Nonfarm Employment Change. Estimate 186K
  • 10:00 US ISM Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 59.4
  • 14:00 US FOMC Statement
  • 14:00 US Federal Funds Rate. Estimate <2.00%

*All release times are DST

*Key events are in bold

EUR/USD for Tuesday, July 31, 2018

EUR/USD for July 31 at 6:15 DST

Open: 1.1705 High: 1.1732 Low: 1.1700 Close: 1.1724

EUR/USD Technical

S1 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1.1434 1.1553 1.1637 1.1728 1.1829 1.1910

EUR/USD was flat in the Asian session and has edged higher in European trade

  • 1.1637 is providing support
  • 1.1728 was tested in resistance earlier on Tuesday. It could break during the day.

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1.1637, 1.1553, 1.1434 and 1.1312
  • Above: 1.1728, 1829 and 1.1910
  • Current range: 1.1637 to 1.1728

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Kenny Fisher joined OANDA in 2012 as a Currency Analyst. Kenny writes a daily column about current economic and political developments affecting the major currency pairs, with a focus on fundamental analysis. Kenny began his career in forex at Bendix Foreign Exchange in Toronto, where he worked as a Corporate Account Manager for over seven years.