Markets Slip as Trump Proposes New Tariffs

Trump Tariffs Overshadow US Jobs Day

It’s jobs report day in the US and yet, as has been the case for most of the week, attention is firmly on the latest wrangling between the US and China, with Donald Trump proposing another $100 billion in tariffs.

We saw a remarkable rebound early in the session on Wednesday after China unveiled $50 billion of tariffs of their own in retaliation to those announced by the White House earlier in the week. Dow futures were more than 500 points in the red ahead of the open but it appears some reassuring words from White House economic advisor Larry Kudlow were enough to ease investors’ concerns, triggering a rapid rebound with markets ending the day in positive territory and posting further gains on Thursday.

Dow (US30) Daily Chart

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Kudlow reiterated the point that no tariffs will be put in place for at least two months and claimed he believed Beijing will back down. This gave the impression that a trade war is not what Washington is looking for, despite Trump’s previous claim that they are easy to win, and that negotiations will take place to avert one if possible. With neither side giving the impression that they’re willing to back down though, there’s still a very real chance that these could be imposed, along with any others that are announced in the meantime.

NFP to give the Dollar Direction

Kudlow Comments Limit Indices Downside For Now

The declaration by Trump that he has instructed the US Trade Representative to consider another $100 billion of tariffs under section 301 has once again sent markets lower, although not as much as previous tariff announcements have. Perhaps Kudlow’s comments have indeed reassured investors that those behind the scenes do not have the desire to engage in a trade war as much as Trump does which is limiting the downside.

With midterm elections in November not far away, there’s likely to be a lot of nervous Republicans worried about what impact this could have if it’s allowed to escalate further. China is quite clearly targeting big swing states and those whose support Trump relied on to get elected. If these tariffs are imposed, they will feel let down and that will show at the polls, potentially causing critical harm to Republicans in the Senate and the House. It’s no wonder China feels in a position of power given that Trump has quite a clear weakness.

The Heat is on ( Again)

Higher Earnings and Inflation May Be Key to 10-Year Treasuries Breaking 3%

While the tariffs story will likely continue to be the main mover of financial markets, we can’t ignore the data that’s about to be released. The US jobs report is arguably the most important economic report we get each month and offers valuable insight into how the labour market is performing and, more importantly right now, whether wages are growing.

US Average Hourly Earnings (YoY)

Higher wages typically means higher inflation which, in turn, means more interest rate hikes. So far, the Federal Reserve has been raising interest rates in anticipation of higher inflation but that hasn’t really materialised. Should that continue, they may be convinced to take the foot off the gas a little, while signs of inflationary pressures building could encourage them to push for a fourth hike this year, which they weren’t far from forecasting last month.

There’s a number of reasons the yield on 10-year Treasuries has failed to make the break above 3%, despite coming close on a few occasions recently and one of those, I believe is the lack of inflation. An upside surprise in average hourly earnings today may not be enough to trigger a move above 3% but it will certainly get people thinking about the possibility that higher inflation is coming, given the recent changes to tax rates, and start a chain of events that triggers a big psychological move.

Economic Calendar

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Craig Erlam

Craig Erlam

Senior Currency Analyst at OANDA
Based in London, England, Craig Erlam joined OANDA in 2015 as a Market Analyst. With more than five years' experience as a financial market analyst and trader, he focuses on both fundamental and technical analysis while conducting macroeconomic commentary. He has been published by The Financial Times, Reuters, the Wall Street Journal and The Telegraph, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on networks including Sky News, Bloomberg, CNBC and BBC. Craig holds a full membership to the Society of Technical Analysts and he is recognized as a Certified Financial Technician by the International Federation of Technical Analysts.