Dollar Bears Yield to higher interest rates

Dollar Bears  Yield to higher interest rates

There has been a pause for thought in the bearish dollar trend after an enigmatic spike in US Treasury yields yesterday sent dollar bears heading for shelter while leaving a sea of red in their wake across FX markets.

The higher US ten-year yield has triggered risk reduction on weaker short dollar positions.But the surge in US bond yields has left more questions than answers.

The rationale for the spike in rates probably lies somewhere between 1) supply fears as both ECB and the Federal Reserve are set to commence the weighty task of removing QE, and 2) speculation is seeping in that the FOMC could deliver an upbeat statement with a more hawkish assessment of inflation.

The higher US yields are providing the dollar with a modicum of support, but recently bond yields, ten-year rates, in particular, have offered little traction for the dollar. Rubber would eventually meet road with regards to supply concerns; this fact is as much a factor as are hawkish hopes from the Federal Reserve Board driving this technical momentum.

But US fixed income is the clear driver for now with ten-year yields pushing above 2.70. As the market looks for some consensus, the thematic shift is likely to be confirmed or refuted by the profusion of economic data due later this week.

But do not ignore the Treasury refunding announcement this week as which will be sizable, ultimately until the debts ceiling is resolved little can be issued.

Expect FX traders heads remain on swivels due to the sudden jump in US yields and the abundance of economic data left in the diary this week
The US Stock Markets

The US equity markets are broadly lower with tech and energy stocks accounting for much of the decline. And while the surge in US bond yields has factored, I suspect the busy week ahead on both corporate and economic news has investors reducing risk while banking some well-earned profits.

Oil Markets 

Oil market bulls have been watching the USD with exasperation as the reasons to sell oil are outbalancing reasons to buy with the inescapable influence of the stronger dollar clearing the path lower.

But when combing bearish signals from the jump in US rig counts and Iran’s Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh pushing back against higher prices warning that it would lead to more shale production, the markets remain fragile to the downside.

However, with traders dialling in on Venezuela’s political turmoil, it should continue to offers support as the country remains the most significant risk in the oil markets global supply chain.

Gold Markets 

Gold is under pressure due to the surge in global bond yields as central bank get set to reduce stimulus as economies improve. While QE reduction was always on the cards, but the sudden global bond markets repricing caught a consolidating Gold market off guard triggering waves profit taking as higher interest rates make gold less attractive.

There was no surprise that this week’s expected rise in two-way US dollar risk was going to tame the Gold bulls temporarily, but there was no accounting for this inexplicable push higher in global yields that touched multi-year highs. But one day is hardly a trend, and given that there’s little to no consensus agreement as to what’s actually behind the recent bond market fire sale, markets will probably sit tight awaiting the business end of the week which offers more event risk and hopefully shows us the way.

The primary focus will be on Dr Yellens opening remarks post FOMC and does she explicitly see inflation picking up or remains a transitory factor in Fed thinking.

G-10

The US dollar continues to consolidate but perhaps with a lot more stronger bias than had been expected due to the bond market fire sale.

The Australian Dollar

It’s impossible for the Aussie to escape the broader US dollar influence but market remain well above the psychological 80 level supporting positive sentiment. And with the RBA conspicuously refraining from any verbal currency pushback, it suggests we are ways away from that trigger point.  ON the back of the weaker NZD CPI print, local traders are by extension factoring in a tepid  AUD CPI print tomorrow suggesting we could see a significant repricing of risk if the CPI beats estimates. Tomorrow’s  CPI will be pivotal for near-term sentiment, but the underpriced STIRT curve remains attractive as the Feb 5 RBA comes into focus.

The Japanese Yen

Bond yields helped underpin the USD ahead of a busy week on the US economic data front.But we remain stuck in the middle of new ranges in USDJPY awaiting the next catalyst. Indeed, the market is still hanging on the premise the BoJ policy does pivot, but with a hefty supply of economic data this week,   traders are reducing short dollar risk looking re-engage above 109.50 with stops likely placed above 110.25 as that would be a more precise signal of a trend reversal.

Asia FX

Malaysian Ringgit 

The markets opened relatively calm yesterday with the Ringgit caught between portfolio inflows and the USD strength, but the market handling the later better than regional peers. However, yesterday’s spike in Global bond yield in Asia caught regional traders by surprise who had likely become too complacent regarding the USD sensitivity to rising yields. But in fact, its a faster rise in US yields than expected that poses the largest threat to regional currencies, so predictably the bullish bets on the MYR have backed off as profit-taking has moved to the fore.

The short dollar position squeeze occurred across all currencies, so it is not a Ringgit specific move. But two-way dollar risk gave the extensive diary of US economic data. However, there remains much debate about what’s driving this global market sell-off, but we will get further clarity as move through the FOMC and  US economic data which will likely clear up some of the debate.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Stephen Innes

Stephen Innes

Head of Trading APAC at OANDA
Stephen has over 25 years of experience in the financial markets and currently based in Singapore as the Head of Trading Asia Pacific with OANDA. Stephen's market views focus on the movement of G-10 and ASEAN Currencies. His views appear in Bloomberg, CNBC.Reuters, New York Times WSJ and the Economist. His media appearances include Bloomberg TV & Radio, BBC International, Sky TV, Channel News Asia, ASTRO AWANI and BFM Malaysia. Stephen has an extensive trading experience in Spot and Forward FX, Currency and Interest Rate Futures, Money Market Derivatives and Precious Metals. Before joining OANDA, he worked with organisations like Nat West, Chemical Bank, Garvin Guy Butler, and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation. Stephen was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and holds a Degree in Economics from the University of Western Ontario.
Stephen Innes
Stephen Innes

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