German Economic Growth Picks Up Speed

The German economy defied increased political risks and picked up speed in the first quarter of 2017 as companies invested more, consumers and the state continued to spend and exports soared despite the threat of rising protectionism.

Europe’s biggest economy grew by 0.6 percent in the quarter from the quarter before, when it expanded 0.4 percent, the Federal Statistics Office said on Friday.

That was the strongest quarterly growth rate since the first quarter of 2016, when the economy grew 0.7 percent. It was in line with the consensus forecast in a Reuters poll.

The figures are the latest in a batch of solid data that are likely to help Chancellor Angela Merkel and her center-right CDU/CSU bloc to burnish their economic credentials before a Sept. 24 federal election, when she will seek a fourth term.

Merkel’s conservatives have already widened their lead in opinion polls over the main opposition Social Democrats (SPD), who are junior partners in the current coalition and want to replace Merkel with their chancellor candidate, Martin Schulz.

“A boom without end in Germany … and despite all the risks,” Bankhaus Lampe analyst Alexander Krueger said, calling it a good sign that the upswing was based on a broad foundation.

“However, it should be noted that the economy would be humming less without the support of interest rates, which are too low for Germany,” he added, in reference to the European Central Bank’s ultra-loose monetary policy.

The Federal Statistics Office said investments in buildings and equipment grew strongly, partly due to a mild winter, while households and state authorities increased their expenditures slightly at the beginning of the year.

Trade also gained momentum and supported growth as exports grew more than imports, it said. On the year, gross domestic product grew 1.7 percent seasonally unadjusted, also in line with the consensus forecast.


“The economy continues to benefit from a doping cocktail of low interest rates, favourable oil prices and an export-boosting exchange rate,” DIHK managing director Martin Wansleben said.

He added that numerous risks, such as U.S. President Donald Trump’s protectionist threats and the uncertain outcome of Brexit negotiations, had not slowed growth so far.

“Companies are increasing their spending on machinery and equipment in order to seize the opportunities of digitisation, remain internationally competitive and drive innovation.”

The BGA trade and wholesale association said Germany’s economic engine was running smoothly, supporting overall growth in the euro zone.

“Unemployment is low, publics finances are sound, tax revenues are soaring – and countries like France, Italy and Spain also benefit from our success thanks to rising imports of intermediate goods,” BGA head Anton Boerner said.

The data also underlines the strength of the German economy compared with its peers.

The French economy, the second-largest in the euro zone, grew 0.3 percent in the first quarter, slowing from 0.5 percent in the final quarter of 2016, preliminary data showed.

For Italy, the third-biggest economy in the 19-member bloc, the national central bank has projected quarterly growth of 0.2 percent. Preliminary data are due next Tuesday.

The Spanish economy powered ahead, however, with a stronger-than-expected growth rate of 0.8 percent in the first quarter, above the euro zone average of 0.5 percent.

Outside the euro zone, Britain’s economy slowed to 0.3 percent in the first three months of 2017 from 0.7 percent in the fourth quarter.


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Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell