U.S GDP Grows Slower Than First Estimated

The U.S. economy grew less than previously reported last quarter on lower government outlays and a bigger depletion of inventories, capping a sluggish first-half performance propped up mainly by consumer spending.

Gross domestic product, the value of all goods and services produced, rose at a 1.1 percent annualized rate, down from an initial estimate of 1.2 percent, Commerce Department figures showed Friday in Washington. Household spending, the biggest part of the economy, was revised higher on used-car sales.

The economy’s failure to develop a sustained pickup has helped keep Federal Reserve policy makers from pulling the trigger on an interest-rate increase so far this year. Economists project a third-quarter rebound driven by household purchases and more stockpiling, and the report showed wages and salaries were revised sharply higher, indicating consumers have the wherewithal to continue spending.

“The only real area of strength was consumer spending,” David Sloan, senior economist at 4cast Inc. in New York, said before the report. At the same time, “the general view is that things are going to pick up in the third quarter.”

Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has been trying to hammer home to voters the message that the economy can do better. Earlier this month, he blamed President Barack Obama and Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton for policies that produced “the weakest so-called recovery since the Great Depression.”

Estimate Range

The revised pace matched the median projection of economists surveyed by Bloomberg. Forecasts ranged from 0.9 percent to 2.8 percent. The economy grew at a 0.8 percent pace from January through March.

The latest estimate of GDP is the second of three for the quarter, with the next release scheduled for late September, after more information becomes available.

Friday’s report offered a first look at corporate profits for last quarter. Before-tax earnings at companies decreased 1.2 percent after rising 3.4 percent in the first three months of the year. Profits fell 4.9 percent from a year earlier. A weakening profit picture casts a shadow over the outlook for already-sluggish business investment and possibly for hiring, which has been robust so far this year.

The biggest drivers of the updated estimate in second-quarter GDP were downward revisions in state and local government construction spending, and to inventory investment; and an upward revision to imports. These were partly offset by upward revisions to nonresidential fixed investment and to consumer spending, according to the Commerce Department.

Household consumption, the largest part of the economy, grew at a 4.4 percent annualized rate, the most since the end of 2014, which was higher than forecast and revised from an initial estimate of 4.2 percent. Purchases added 2.94 percentage points to GDP growth.

Wages, Salaries

The report also included a large upward revision to second-quarter wage and salary data. Worker pay climbed by $92.6 billion, up $44.2 billion from the previous estimate. For the first three months of the year, wages and salaries were revised down by $3.1 billion to show a $13.4 billion drop.

Government spending fell at a 1.5 percent pace last quarter, more than the 0.9 percent previously estimated. State and local outlays decreased at a 2.2 percent annualized rate and subtracted 0.25 percentage point from growth, the most since the last three months of 2012.

Inventories shrank by an annualized $12.4 billion in the second quarter, subtracting 1.26 percentage points from GDP, the most in more than two years.
Inventories and the trade gap are two of the most volatile components in GDP calculations. To get a better sense of demand in the U.S., economists watch final sales to domestic purchasers, which is GDP excluding inventories and net exports.

That gauge rose at a 2.2 percent rate in the April through June period, revised from an initially reported 2.1 percent. Final sales to private U.S. purchasers increased 3 percent.


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Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell