APAC Currency Corner – RBA’s Turn


We have a huge week ahead in Australia, highlighted by Tuesday’s RBA policy review and Federal Budget

IN the wake of last week’s tepid inflation report, Traders have been increasingly pricing in the probability of an RBA rate cut, which now stands at 58 percent as per short-term money market futures. With local lenders now jumping on the band waggon for good measure.

The issue at hand is not so much the current economic conditions but rather the across the board weakness in last week CPI reading which came in lower than the RBA 2-3 % target band. Many are viewing the miss on CPI as an ominous sign that even if the RBA does not cut this meeting, low inflation levels may well stay below the RBA target through 2016, and will ultimately lead the RBA to reconsider the current monetary policy. At minimum, the low  level of inflation affords the RBA to adopt a more dovish tone in their  Statement on Monetary Policy

However, even with a rate cut, it is debatable if this will lead to any major position recalibrations on the Aussie dollar  or will it only translate into a kneejerk lower as the market is expecting broader USD dollar weakness in the weeks to come. While much uncertainty swirls around the announcement, what we can say for sure is we are likely set for another volatile week on the Aussie dollar front following last week’s CPI and BOJ surprises.

Keep in mind; external drivers will likely be key to the Aussie dollar long term fortunes regardless of a short-term capitulation if a rate cut announcement holds true. While commodity prices are looking very constructive and expected to remain firm, the two-way risk going into the announcement is very high as the RBA could follow through on market rate cut  expectations.

While RBA rate decision is the major domestic release, April’s US Employment will attract its usual intense focus. With recent US economic data deteriorating versus consensus forecasts, Friday’s employment report could be a key driver for currency markets by either reaffirming the string of high employment releases in the US or predicting more storm clouds on the horizon for the USD. With that in mind, the Jobs data on Friday is should remain robust with Nonfarm Payrolls expected to print 200k. Also, the expected 0.3% in a month on month earnings should bring the YoY number to 2.4%.

Over the weekend, China official PMIs for April disappointed market expectations with the manufacturing index down 0.1pt to 50.1 and the non-manufacturing index down 0.3pts to 53.5. In both instances, the new orders index was a little weaker also. However, with high-risk events due later in the week, the AUD has shown little reaction to the data.

AS for the budget, traders will be monitoring the Credit Rating Agencies Reactions but the early thought is that the Budget will need to show ongoing fiscal restraint to get an all clear from the agencies. Therefore, we should not expect a sugar coated pre-election style budget laden with tax sweetener designed to appease voters.


Strom Clouds for USD


US consumers speak through their pocketbooks as evidenced by Friday’s US data. Personal income rose in March but personal spending fell. The Q1 GDP report already suggested this but income was one-tenth stronger than forecasted and spending, one-tenth less. While the  US presidential election run-up is weighing on the consumer sentiment, it is more likely consumers are disgruntled by the state of the economy and growing increasing frustrated by the Federal Reserve Board, who appear more confused about the economic direction than ever. Besides, there is the ever-present conviction amongst investors that central banks cannot do it alone. With consumer confidence running sour, the markets responded accordingly. US equity markets went south, WTI prices retreated, gold topped at 1297 and USDJPY touched 106.24

The USD is in need of a lifeline with USD bulls pinning hopes on another robust Employment report Friday. However will it be enough to tame the USD bears?.




Traders always remind themselves some days you are the windshield and other day’s you are the bug, last Thursday and Friday was no exception.

While lingering Disappointment from the Bank of Japans inaction continues to weigh in Japanese markets  Negative sentiment started filtering through to other global markets and this ripple effect should be closely monitored as the negative impact from waning Global Risk sentiment could add more fuel to an already overheated YEN.

While The YEN has incredible momentum and it is likely, we will see a deeper move lower in USDJPY, keep in mind this week could be full of traps and gaps as liquidity will be running at a premium during golden week holidays in Japan.

Market are relatively thin this morning and while we bounced off early morning lows of 106.20 there has been little momentum or incentive to take the pair above 106.75 in early trade




With a weekend to digest and judgement less clouded its worth rehashing. One of the biggest takeaways from last week was just how huge market expectation was for an of a BoJ easing despite falling only-only three months after last policy adjustment. The fact is, in BoJ terms, that would have been unprecedented, and likely why near 50 % of economists did not expect a move last week.

However, the lack of action by the BoJ should not imply that the BOJ has exhausted their means to adjust policy and investors should not err into believing the BoJ has run out of ammunition.  I suspect Japanese Rates will go lower but with BoJ concerned about the systemic impact of negative rates on Domestic Banks, the central bank opted for a wait and saw approach before embarking on further policy easing.

When the BoJ eases again, it will likely include a negative lending facility to accommodate domestic banks.



The large fall in USDJPY had a significant an impact on the Friday’s CNY fix, as JPY has a 14.7% weight in the CFETS basket. The JPY also clearly influenced other USD Asia pairs. The day on day fall in the USDCNY fix was the largest one-day decline since 2005, but even with such a significant fall, CNY lost approximately 18bps on a basket basis.

However, there is still a high demand on shore for USD below 6.5000 indicating the market is trading on USDCNY sentiment rather than the basket.



 China PMI

The official Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) rose to 50.1 in April, easing from March’s 50.2 and barely clinging above the 50-point mark that defines expansion from contraction.

The market was expecting the reading would improve to 50.4 after upbeat March data raised hopes that Mainland extended economic slowdown was easing. While the results may have disappointed a print above, 50 is suggesting that the stimulus impacts have a positive effect in China. However, the slight drop and miss on consensus are still worrisome and not overly supportive not bode well as China seeks to rebalance economy


In general, we seem to have entered a new period of indifference in the USDASIA basket.


There has been no clear trend in USDMYR recently and despite strong oil prices, the price action has not been supportive so far. I suspect it is due to Risk aversion trickling back into the global FX markets coupled with some lingering concerns over 1MDB

With that in mind, the MYR may be more vulnerable to weaker OIL prices this week so traders will continue eyeing  OIL Patch price movements

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Stephen Innes

Stephen Innes

Head of Trading APAC at OANDA
Stephen has over 25 years of experience in the financial markets and currently based in Singapore as the Head of Trading Asia Pacific with OANDA. Stephen's market views focus on the movement of G-10 and ASEAN Currencies. His views appear in Bloomberg, CNBC.Reuters, New York Times WSJ and the Economist. His media appearances include Bloomberg TV & Radio, BBC International, Sky TV, Channel News Asia, ASTRO AWANI and BFM Malaysia. Stephen has an extensive trading experience in Spot and Forward FX, Currency and Interest Rate Futures, Money Market Derivatives and Precious Metals. Before joining OANDA, he worked with organisations like Nat West, Chemical Bank, Garvin Guy Butler, and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation. Stephen was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and holds a Degree in Economics from the University of Western Ontario.
Stephen Innes