USD/CAD Loonie Sinks to 13 Year Low As Oil Drops Below $30

The USD advanced 0.353 versus the CAD in the last 24 hours.

The USD/CAD touched multi-year highs (1.4316) as the price of oil continues to tumble as supply is far outstripping demand around the globe. The loonie was last at the 70 cent level in 2003. The currency showed some resilience after the crisis of 2008, but that was aided by firm energy prices. The slowdown in emerging market demand for crude coupled with the increased production levels with the introduction of new technology and the controversial pumping war drove the price of West Texas to below $30 earlier today.

The Canadian dollar is a commodity currency with crude oil exports making up 13 percent of Canadian exports. The loonie has fallen 40 percent since January 2013. The economic irony is that the strong CAD after the crisis eroded all the price advantages of Canada’s manufacturing base, which is now forced to rebuild in an adverse scenario as global growth is slowing down. The Canadian economy depends on the recovery of its largest trading partner to mitigate the losses of its energy exports, but as the U.S. economy shows no sign of fast recovery the Bank of Canada might be forced to cut interest rates in January.

The U.S. crude oil inventories will be published the Energy Information Administration on Wednesday, January 13 at 10:30 am and given the volatility in energy prices and the heavy correlation with the CAD investors need to be aware of the change in crude stockpiles.

The Bank of Canada released its Business Outlook survey yesterday. The softness from the resource sector is spreading as commented by Governor Stephen Poloz. Business sentiment remains pessimistic and could be worse as the survey was before the latest rout in oil prices.

Canadian Finance Minister Bill Morneau echoed the sentiment regarding the increasing headwinds to the economy if commodity prices remain soft. After winning the elections last year there was a lot of hope in the new government and Mr. Morneau is still confident the Liberal government’s plans to increase infrastructure spending and tax cuts will boost growth. The Canadian budget is expected to be announced in March.

Merrill Lynch expected the BOC to make waves next week with a rate cut. Laurentian Bank call it a “coin flip” as the case for a rate cut keeps rising as fast as the price of oil is falling. The Canadian central bank surprised markets last year with 2 proactive rate cuts after it accurately forecasted the fall of oil prices and its effect on the economy. This time around the central bank is facing a different scenario as the main questions now are: What is the Fed going to do and how long with energy producers maintain pumping levels? In both cases there is little the BOC can do even with a proactive stand.

There will be little in the way of indicators to guide the decision of the central bank as only the Housing starts and the selling price of new homes will be on the agenda this week. The Bank of Canada will announce its rate decision on Wednesday, January 20. The problem with being ahead of the Fed’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) is that it means going in blind to the potential market disrupting decisions of the biggest central bank in the world. There are also no expected changes to the American benchmark rate despite the hawkish rhetoric from some Fed members. Interest rate divergence has given the edge to the USD for the last two years, with very little to show for it as the Bank of Canada has eased more than the Fed has tightened, but with the price of oil the BOC is running out of room to cut.

Oil inventories will be announced Wednesday, January 13 at 10:30 am and given the volatility in energy prices and the heavy correlation with the CAD investors need to be aware of the change in crude stockpiles.

USD/CAD 1.4272 H: 1.4316 L: 1.4177

USD/CAD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1.3923 1.3993 1.4104 1.4285 1.4355 1.4466

    CAD events to watch this week:

    Wednesday, January 13
    10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
    Thursday, January 14
    7:00am Bank of England Rate Decision and Minutes
    Friday, Jan 15
    8:30am USD Core Retail Sales

    *All times EST
    For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

    This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

    Alfonso Esparza

    Alfonso Esparza

    Senior Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
    Alfonso Esparza specializes in macro forex strategies for North American and major currency pairs. Upon joining OANDA in 2007, Alfonso Esparza established the MarketPulseFX blog and he has since written extensively about central banks and global economic and political trends. Alfonso has also worked as a professional currency trader focused on North America and emerging markets. He has been published by The MarketWatch, Reuters, the Wall Street Journal and The Globe and Mail, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on networks including Bloomberg and BNN. He holds a finance degree from the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM) and an MBA with a specialization on financial engineering and marketing from the University of Toronto.
    Alfonso Esparza