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Week in FX Europe – German Growth Concerns Rise As European Engine Stalls

Germany’s ZEW Institute released its monthly survey falling into negative territory. The financial analysts who participate are not optimistic and could hint an upcoming contraction in the third quarter. The EUR/USD was trading below 1.27 and expected to head lower awaiting US retail sales. What happened next could very well define what colour ink do investors use to describe 2014. A weaker than expected US retail sales figures spooked investors into a sell off that saw the EUR/USD pair break above 1.28 as safe haven flows took over and European bond yields went their own way. German bunds were favoured, but Spanish, Italian and Greek debt came very close to crisis levels.

It took strong corporate earnings and strong US employment and housing data to reverse the trend before the end of the week. Questions remain about how deep is the economic malaise in Germany. There is no denying that the economic fundamentals of the nation are strong, but as it faces a stand off with the rest of Europe over austerity, it is hard to see how Europe as a whole can break away from stagnation.

The Bank of England was proving the be the only central bank that could be counted along with the US Federal Reserve for a possible rate hike in 2014. Now that seems to be out of the table as global economic conditions have worsened and growth forecasts cut. The UK inflation fell to 1.2%, a five year low, making very unlikely that the BOE will raise rates this year. To make the matter more clear the Bank’s Chief Economist is saying he has changed his mind on when to hike. He described a “gloomier” outlook on the economy given the latest inflation figures. A Reuters poll still finds high probability of a first quarter hike next year amongst analysts.

Next week in Europe

The drop in US retail sales along other geopolitical events trigged a wave of uncertainty across the globe. Stock markets and emerging market currencies were the biggest losers as the US economy was thought to be slowing down. The last two days of the week calmed investor’s nerves as earning reports were solid as well as housing and employment indicators out of the US.

Next week has two major trends: Central banks and PMIs. The Reserve Bank of Australia releases its minutes on Tuesday. The Bank of England will also release the minutes from its rate setting meeting two weeks ago on Wednesday . Given that the BOE’s chief economist has cooled expectations of a rate hike this year there will be little surprise in the minutes. The Bank of Canada will announce its benchmark rate. No change is expected given the mixed economic data and employment data confusion.

The flash manufacturing purchasing manager’s index PMI is a survey of manager to gauge their optimism regarding business conditions going forward. HSBC for China and Markit for the rest of the world are the firms that have compiled the early draft of the data and will release it starting with China and the schedule will move around the world given insights into the state of the global economy.

Fore more market moving events visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar [1]


* CNY Gross Domestic Product
* AUD Consumer Prices Index
* GBP BOE Minutes
* USD Consumer Price Index
* CAD Bank of Canada Rate Decision
* CNY Flash PMI
* EUR French, Spanish, German and European Flash PMIs
* USD US Flash PMI
* NZD Consumer Prices Index
* GBP Gross Domestic Product

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Alfonso Esparza

Alfonso Esparza [6]

Senior Currency Analyst at Market Pulse [7]
Alfonso Esparza specializes in macro forex strategies for North American and major currency pairs. Upon joining OANDA in 2007, Alfonso Esparza established the MarketPulseFX blog and he has since written extensively about central banks and global economic and political trends. Alfonso has also worked as a professional currency trader focused on North America and emerging markets. He has been published by The MarketWatch, Reuters, the Wall Street Journal and The Globe and Mail, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on networks including Bloomberg and BNN. He holds a finance degree from the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM) and an MBA with a specialization on financial engineering and marketing from the University of Toronto.
Alfonso Esparza
Alfonso Esparza

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