GBP/USD – After Scottish Vote, Pound Jumps Then Retracts

The pound is treating traders to strong volatility on Friday. GBP/USD pushed above the 1.65 level in the Asian session but has since fallen below the 1.64 line. The currency received a boost after the results of the Scottish referendum were released, which showed a decisive victory for the NO camp, which favored remaining in the United Kingdom. It’s a quiet day on the release front, with no UK events. The sole US release is the CB Leading Index, a minor event.

Scottish citizens went to the polls on Thursday in a historic referendum on whether to secede from the United Kingdom. The markets had expected a very close vote, based on polls leading up to the vote. However, at the end of the day, the No side won the vote in convincing fashion, with 55% of the vote, versus 44% for the Yes side. There had been predictions of a financial downturn in the UK if Scotland had voted for independence or if the vote was extremely close. As well, a vote to secede would have raised thorny economic issues such as what currency would be used by an independent Scotland. So, the wee hours of Friday morning brought a tremendous sense of relief in British political and financial circles after the final votes were counted, as the United Kingdom will indeed remain united.

Overshadowed by the focus on the Scottish referendum, British data was a mix on Thursday. British Retail Sales, the primary gauge of consumer spending in the UK, improved last month, posting a gain of 0.4%. However, CBI Industrial Order Expectations came in at -4 points, the worst showing since last September. The markets had expected a gain of 9 points.

Over in the US, Unemployment Claims had looked sluggish in September, but that changed on Thursday, as the key indicator sparkled, dropping to 280 thousand, down sharply from 315 thousand in the previous reading. The estimate stood at 312 thousand. Building Permits was not as strong, dipping to 1.00M. This was shy of the estimate of 1.04M. There was disappointing news from the manufacturing front, as the Philly Fed Manufacturing Index slipped to 22.5 points, down from 28.0 a month earlier. The estimate stood at 22.8 points.

The Federal Reserve released a highly-anticipated policy statement on Wednesday. The statement reaffirmed that interest rates would remain ultra-low for a “considerable time” after the asset purchase scheme (QE) ends next month, but surprised the markets in hinting that once a rate hike was introduced, rate levels could move up more quickly than expected. As expected, the Fed trimmed QE by $10 billion/month, and the remaining $15 billion/month is scheduled to be phased out in October.


GBP/USD for Friday, September 19, 2014

GBP/USD September 19 at 11:05 GMT

GBP/USD 1.6381 H: 1.6524 L: 1.6353


GBP/USD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1.6000 1.6141 1.6263 1.6382 1.6484 1.6606


  • The pound posted gains late in the Asian session, breaking above support at 1.6484.  The pair dropped sharply in the the European session and is back below the 1.64 line.
  • 1.6263 is providing strong support.
  • On the upside, 1.6382 is fluid. This line was breached earlier and could see further action during the day. 1.6484 is stronger.
  • Current range: 1.6263 to 1.6382.

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1.6263, 1.6141, 1.6000 and 1.5864
  • Above: 1.6382, 1.6484, 1.6605 and 1.6755


OANDA’s Open Positions Ratio

GBP/USD ratio is pointing to gains in short positions on Friday, reversing the direction seen a day earlier. This is consistent with the pair’s movement, as the pound has posted slight losses. The ratio currently has a majority of long positions, indicative of trader bias towards the pound reversing direction and moving to higher ground.


GBP/USD Fundamentals

14:00 US CB Leading Index. Estimate 0.4%.

* Key releases are highlighted in bold

*All release times are GMT

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Market Analyst at OANDA
A highly experienced financial market analyst with a focus on fundamental analysis, Kenneth Fisher’s daily commentary covers a broad range of markets including forex, equities and commodities. His work has been published in several major online financial publications including, Seeking Alpha and FXStreet. Based in Israel, Kenny has been a MarketPulse contributor since 2012.
Kenny Fisher

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