GBP/USD – Pound Jumps to Four-Year Highs As UK Manufacturing Numbers Shine

GBP/USD continues to post gains on Thursday, as the pair trades in the mid-1.70 range in the North American session. The pound is now at its highest level against the dollar since 2008. On the release front, British CBI Industrial Order Expectations soared to a six-month high, but Retail Sales declined in May. US numbers enjoyed a strong day, as Unemployment Claims and the Philly Fed Manufacturing Index both improved and beat their estimates.

There was positive economic news out of the US on Thursday, as Unemployment Claims dipped to 312 thousand last week, beating the estimate of 316 thousand. As well, the Philly Fed Manufacturing Index, which has been on the upswing for most of 2014, continued the trend and improved to 17.8 points, crushing the estimate of 14.3. This was the index’s strongest reading since last August, and points to a manufacturing sector which is expanding in order to keep up with increasing demand.

The Federal Reserve continued to trim its QE program, reducing the scheme by $10 billion, to $35 billion/month. If all goes as planned, the Fed could wind up QE in the fall. The Fed also hinted that interest rates will continue to stay low for the foreseeable future, which likely means that we won’t see any rate hikes before the first quarter of 2015. With regard to economic activity, the Fed noted that the recovery is continuing, but it reduced its forecast of economic growth to 2.1-2.3%, down from an earlier forecast of around 2.9 percent. The bottom line? There were no dramatic items in the Fed statement, with one analyst describing current Fed policy as “steady as she goes”.

In the UK, the pound gained on strong manufacturing numbers, as CBI Industrial Order Expectations jumped to 11 points, easily beating the forecast of 3 points. It was the indicator’s best showing since last November, and points to more robust UK manufacturing sector. Retail Sales, the primary gauge of consumer spending, was unable to keep pace. The indicator came in with a weak reading of -0.5%, its first decline since January. The pound managed to shrug off this poor reading since it matched the forecast.

On Wednesday, the BOE opted to hold the course with regard to the benchmark interest rate and the asset purchase program, and as expected, the minutes showed that these decisions were both unanimous (9-0). The BOE kept interest rates at 0.50% and QE at 375 billion pounds. There has been much speculation about when the BOE might raise rates, and Governor Mark Carney singlehandedly caused a run on the pound last week, after stating that a rate increase could occur earlier than expected by the markets. Had the rate decision not been unanimous, we could have seen the high-flying pound climb even higher.


GBP/USD for Thursday, June 19, 2014

GBP/USD June 19 at 15:35 GMT

GBP/USD 1.7042 H: 1.7063 L: 1.6985


GBP/USD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1.6825 1.6920 1.7000 1.7183 1.7228 1.7383


  • GBP/USD continues to post gains on Thursday. The pair moved higher in the European session, but has steadied in North American trading.
  • On the upside, 1.7183 is a strong resistance line. This line has held firm since October 2008.
  • The key line of 1.70 finds itself in an unfamiliar support role, as the pound trades at higher levels. 1.6920 is stronger.
  • Current range: 1.7000 to 1.7183.

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1.7000, 1.6920, 1.6825 and 1.6700
  • Above: 1.7183, 1.7228, 1.7383 and 1.7482


OANDA’s Open Positions Ratio

GBP/USD is pointing to gains in short positions on Thursday, reversing the trend seen a day earlier. This is not consistent with the movement of the pair, as the pound continues to move upwards. A significant majority of open positions in the GBP/USD ratio are short, indicative of a trader bias towards the dollar reversing directions and moving higher.

GBP/USD has broken above the key 1.70 level on Thursday, as the US dollar remains under pressure.


GBP/USD Fundamentals

  • 8:30 British Retail Sales. Estimate -0.5%. Actual -05%.
  • 10:00 British CBI Industrial Order Expectations. Estimate 11 points. Actual 3 points.
  • 11:30 BOE MPC Member Ian McCafferty Speaks.
  • 12:30 US Unemployment Claims. Estimate 316K. Actual 312K.
  • 14:00 US Philly Fed Manufacturing Index. Estimate 14.3 points. Actual 17.8 points.
  • 14:00 US CB Leading Index. Estimate 0.6%. Actual 0.5%.
  • 14:30 US Natural Gas Storage. Estimate 112B. Actual 113B.

*Key releases are highlighted in bold

*All release times are GMT

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Market Analyst at OANDA
A highly experienced financial market analyst with a focus on fundamental analysis, Kenneth Fisher’s daily commentary covers a broad range of markets including forex, equities and commodities. His work has been published in several major online financial publications including, Seeking Alpha and FXStreet. Based in Israel, Kenny has been a MarketPulse contributor since 2012.