Week In FX Americas – Look beyond the Storm Clouds

This week, Federal Reserve Chair, Janet Yellen, performed admirably during her Congressional testimony before the House of Representatives. Investors and politicians were looking for any sign of potential weakness in the Fed’s new chief after she succeeded Ben Bernanke, but none was to be found and few, if any, were disappointed.

Yellen made clear that the Fed’s game plan is to continue to follow Bernanke’s blueprint for the gradual reduction of the Bank’s massive bond-buying program for the time being. However, recently disappointing reports have a few analysts rethinking the depth of their bullishness for the U.S. economy. Last Thursday, U.S. retail sales data for January slipped lower (-0.4%), month-over-month, well below expectations. Adding to that dour news was word December’s results were also revised to negative territory.

The headline print was the steepest one-month decline in 18-months for sales. Excluding automobile sales, January’s sales were flat, while core-sales (ex-autos, gas, and building materials) came in down -0.3%; expectations were for a +0.2% rise. The reason for the slip: icy weather. The biggest burden on the report was sagging auto sales, which was abundantly clear in American sales numbers released by the major auto manufacturers last week. Add the weather-impacted report to the miss in the January purchasing managers’ index for manufacturing, and the monthly jobs numbers, and there is reason enough to consider revising U.S. growth rates. Many analysts are beginning to cut American fourth-quarter 2013 and first-quarter 2014 growth forecasts due to the despairing data – the first quarter is tracking at +0.9% versus +1.9%, while the fourth quarter is pared to +2.5% from +2.8%.

The U.S. economy is the “beacon for capital markets.” However, the present global economic recovery has six unusual characteristics which distinguish it from recoveries of the past, and it is altering the strength of “the” recovery. This will obviously have a knock-on effect on financial markets and monetary policies. The indictors that need to be taken into consideration when looking at the big picture include:

• Global trade continues to lag.
• Credit is not picking up and continues to languish.
• Long-term interest rates are not rallying – a flatter U.S. yield curve.
• Inflation is benign or continues to fall – the eurozone is concerned about deflation.
• Commodity prices remain on the “back-foot”.
• Finally, when considering U.S. employment, note the labor participation rate – it continues to decline – never a good sign.

One needs to be looking beyond weather to see a clearer picture. The lack of volatility in forex can be blamed on the Group of 10 monetary policies – with the lack of deviation in interest rates, central bank rhetoric is doing most of the currency price guidance for now.


* JPY Gross Domestic Product
* GBP Consumer Price Index
* EUR German ZEW Survey Economic Sentiment
* USD Consumer Price Index
* CAD Consumer Price Index

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell