EUR/USD – Lower As Spanish Manufacturing PMI Dips

The euro has lost ground in Monday trading, following the release of a weak Spanish Manufacturing PMI. In the European session, the pair has dropped to the mid-1.35 range. In other Eurozone releases, Italian and Eurozone Manufacturing PMIs met expectations. Over in the US, today’s key event is the ISM Manufacturing PMI. As well, Federal Reserve Chairman will deliver remarks in Washington, as analysts look for some hints about QE tapering from the Federal Reserve.

Spanish Manufacturing PMI had a dismal October, sliding to 48.6 points from 50.9 last month. This marked the first contraction we’ve seen in the manufacturing sector in six months. There was better news from the Italian and Eurozone Manufacturing PMIs, both of which rose slightly and met expectations. The Italian release came in at 51.4 points, while the Eurozone PMI hit 51.6 points. The euro has dropped on the news and remains under pressure.

There was some good news out of the Eurozone on Friday, as inflation and unemployment figures beat their estimates. Eurozone CPI rose to 0.9%, edging above the estimate of 0.8%. However, inflation remains well below the ECB target of 2.0%, which could lead to the ECB reducing rates at its policy meeting later this week. The Unemployment Rate also showed slight improvement, as it dipped to 12.1%, down from 12.2% in the previous release.

With inflation and growth remaining weak in the Eurozone, the ECB may make a monetary move later this week. It could opt to cut the benchmark rate for a second straight month, or lower the deposit rate, which currently stands at 0.0%. However, a move into negative territory would represent unchartered territory and could have negative consequences for the economy. If the ECB decides to reduce the deposit rate, we could see a “mini cut” of less than 0.25%. The markets are expecting the Bank to hold the current benchmark rate of 0.25%, but just last month the markets were caught by surprise as the ECB cut the rate from 0.50%.

Over in the US, the markets will be keeping close tabs on this week’s US employment releases, as the Fed is likely to step in and taper QE if employment numbers continue to improve. Unemployment Claims have looked sharp for the past two releases, and if the Non-Farm Payrolls and Unemployment Rate look solid, this week, the US dollar could gain ground against the euro.


EUR/USD for Monday, December 2, 2013

Forex Rate Graph 21/1/13

EUR/USD December 2 at 10:00 GMT

EUR/USD 1.3554 H: 1.3616 L: 1.3543


EUR/USD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1.3325 1.3410 1.3500 1.3585 1.3649 1.3786


  • EUR/USD has posted losses in Monday trading. The pair fell below the 1.36 line in the Asian session and continues to lose ground in European trading.
  • On the downside, the round number of 1.3500 is providing support. With the euro losing ground, this key line could face strong pressure during the day. This is followed by support at 1.3410.
  • The pair is facing weak resistance at 1.3585. This is followed by stronger resistance at 1.3649.
  • Current range: 1.3500 to 1.3585

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1.3500, 1.3410, 1.3325 and 1.3265
  • Above: 1.3585, 1.3649, 1.3786, 1.3893 and 1.4000


OANDA’s Open Positions Ratio

EUR/USD ratio is pointing to short positions in Monday trading. This is reflected in the pair’s movement, as the euro has weakened against the dollar. A large majority of the open positions remain short, indicative of a trader bias towards the dollar continuing to post gains against the euro.

The euro has started the week pointing downwards after a weak Spanish PMI. We could see further movement from the pair during the day, with the US releasing a key PMI later on Monday.


EUR/USD Fundamentals

  • 8:15 Spanish Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 51.3 points. Actual 48.6 points.
  • 8:45 Italian Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 51.4 points. Actual 5.14 points.
  • 9:00 Eurozone Final Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 51.5 points. Actual 51.6 points.
  • 13:30 Fed Chairman Bernard Bernanke Speaks.
  • 14:00 US Final Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 54.3 points.
  • 14:00 US Construction Spending (September Data). Estimate 0.5%.
  • 15:00 US ISM Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 55.2 points.
  • 15:00 US Construction Spending. Estimate 0.4%.
  • 15:00 US ISM Manufacturing Prices. Estimate  55 points.


*Key releases are highlighted in bold

*All release times are GMT


This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.


Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Market Analyst at OANDA
A highly experienced financial market analyst with a focus on fundamental analysis, Kenneth Fisher’s daily commentary covers a broad range of markets including forex, equities and commodities. His work has been published in several major online financial publications including, Seeking Alpha and FXStreet. Based in Israel, Kenny has been a MarketPulse contributor since 2012.
Kenny Fisher

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