FOMC Statement Comparisons March to April

Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in (January) March suggests that the economy has been expanding moderately. Labor market conditions have improved (further) in recent months; the unemployment rate has declined (notably in recent months) but remains elevated. Household spending and business fixed investment have continued to advance. (The) Despite some signs of improvement, the housing sector remains depressed. Inflation has (been subdued in recent months, although) picked up somewhat, mainly reflecting higher prices of crude oil and gasoline (have increased lately. Longer). However, longer-term inflation expectations have remained stable.

Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. The Committee expects (moderate) economic growth to remain moderate over coming quarters and (consequently) then to pick up gradually. Consequently, the Committee anticipates that the unemployment rate will decline gradually toward levels that (the Committee) it judges to be consistent with its dual mandate. Strains in global financial markets (have eased, though they) continue to pose significant downside risks to the economic outlook. The (recent) increase in oil and gasoline prices (will push up) earlier this year is expected to affect inflation only temporarily, (but) and the Committee anticipates that subsequently inflation will run at or below the rate that it judges most consistent with its dual mandate.

To support a stronger economic recovery and to help ensure that inflation, over time, is at the rate most consistent with its dual mandate, the Committee expects to maintain a highly accommodative stance for monetary policy. In particular, the Committee decided today to keep the target range for the federal funds rate at 0 to 1/4 percent and currently anticipates that economic conditions–including low rates of resource utilization and a subdued outlook for inflation over the medium run–are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels for the federal funds rate at least through late 2014.

The Committee also decided to continue its program to extend the average maturity of its holdings of securities as announced in September. The Committee is maintaining its existing policies of reinvesting principal payments from its holdings of agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in agency mortgage-backed securities and of rolling over maturing Treasury securities at auction. The Committee will regularly review the size and composition of its securities holdings and is prepared to adjust those holdings as appropriate to promote a stronger economic recovery in a context of price stability.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell