Germany had already hinted at the fall, as the largest exported suffered a drop but was still in surplus territory last week. Germany and France continue to grow but at a slower rate, and the rest of the 16 eurozone nations have been hit hard by the current world recession.
The deficit was 4bn euros ($6bn; Ã‚Â£3.7bn), compared with a surplus of 12.3bn euros in July. In August last year, the deficit was 11bn euros.
The reason was a 5.8% fall in exports from July, compared with a more modest fall in imports of 1.3%.
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