Gold Ticks Higher Ahead of Nonfarm Payrolls

Gold continues to have an uneventful week and has posted small gains in the Thursday session. In North American trade, spot gold is trading at $1269.20, up 0.20% on the day. On the release front, unemployment claims edged lower to 240 thousand in July, beating the estimate of 242 thousand. ISM Non-Manufacturing slowed down to 53.9, compared to the estimate of 57.4 points. This reading was well below the forecast of 56.9 points. On Friday, the US releases wage growth and non-farm payrolls, so we could see some movement in gold prices.

 

The US economy is in good shape, underscored by a strong Advance GDP of 2.5% in the second quarter. This strong reading came after weak growth in the first quarter, which clocked in at just 1.4%.  Still, investors are skeptical about a third interest rate hike in 2017, with current odds of a December hike at just 42%. Investor appetite for risk has waned and this has been good news for gold, which touched 6-week highs earlier this week. The pessimism on the part of markets is chiefly due to inflation, which has remained stubbornly low despite a strong labor market. In June, Fed Chair Janet Yellen said that factors causing weak inflation were “transient”, but there are no signs that inflation will pick up anytime soon.

With the Federal Reserve unlikely to raise rates before December, investor attention has shifted to the Fed’s balance sheet, which stands at $4.2 trillion. Fed policymakers have broadly hinted at reducing purchases of bonds and securities starting in September, but San Francisco Fed President John Williams was more forthcoming about the Fed’s plans, likely aimed at giving notice to the markets. In a speech on Wednesday, Williams said that the economy had “fully recovered” from the 2008 financial crisis and called on the Fed to start trimming the balance sheet “this fall”. Williams added that the process would be gradual and would take four years to reduce the balance sheet to a “reasonable size”.  On Wednesday, two other FOMC members also came out in support of starting to taper the balance sheet – St. Louis Fed President James Bullard and Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester.

 

USD/XAU Fundamentals

Thursday (August 3)

  • 7:30 US Challenger Job Cuts. Actual -37.6%
  • 8:30 US Unemployment Claims. Estimate 242K. Actual 240K
  • 9:45 US Final Services PMI. Estimate 54.2
  • 10:00 US ISM Non-Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 56.9. Actual 53.9
  • 10:00 US Factory Orders. Estimate 2.9%. Actual 2.9%
  • 10:30 US Natural Gas Storage. Estimate 23B

Friday (August 4)

  • 8:30 US Average Hourly Earnings. Estimate 0.3%
  • 8:30 US Nonfarm Employment Change. Estimate 181K
  • 8:30 US Unemployment Rate. Estimate 4.3%

*All release times are EDT

*Key events are in bold

 

XAU/USD for Thursday, August 3, 2017

XAU/USD August 3 at 11:40 EST

Open: 1266.67 High: 1269.82 Low: 1256.25 Close: 1269.20

 

XAU/USD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1199 1232 1260 1285 1307 1337
  • XAU/USD edged lower in the Asian session but recovered in European trade. The pair has posted small gains in the North American session
  • 1260 is providing support
  • 1285 is the next resistance line
  • Current range: 1260 to 1285

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1260, 1232, 1199 and 1170
  • Above: 1285, 1307 and 1337

OANDA’s Open Positions Ratio

XAU/USD ratio is showing gains in short positions. Currently, long positions have a majority (58%), indicative of XAU/USD continuing to move higher.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Kenny Fisher joined OANDA in 2012 as a Currency Analyst. Kenny writes a daily column about current economic and political developments affecting the major currency pairs, with a focus on fundamental analysis. Kenny began his career in forex at Bendix Foreign Exchange in Toronto, where he worked as a Corporate Account Manager for over seven years.