USD/JPY – Yen Flat Ahead of Japanese Consumer Spending Reports

USD/JPY is showing little movement in the Monday session, and with US markets closed for Memorial Day, that trend is likely to continue during the day. There are no US releases on the schedule. Japan will publish two consumer spending reports – household spending and retail sales. On Tuesday, the US releases CB Consumer Spending.

Japan’s economy has looked solid early in 2017, as GDP in the first quarter expanded at an annualized rate of 2.2%. As stronger global economy has increased demand for Japanese products, which has been a boon for the Japanese manufacturing and export sectors. Still, the markets aren’t expecting the Bank of Japan to tighten its ultra-accommodative monetary policy any time soon, despite a more robust economy. The reason? Inflation levels remains stubbornly low, well below the central bank’s target of 2.0%. Consumer spending remains soft and wages actually contracted in the first quarter, compared to Q4 of 2016. Unless wages and consumer spending improves and pushes inflation upwards, the BoJ is likely to sit tight and hold course with its quantitative easing program and low interest rates. A stronger Japanese economy has rubbed off on the Japanese yen, as USD/JPY has slipped 4.9% since the start of the year.

The US economy slowed down considerably in the first quarter of 2017, but there was some good news on Friday, as GDP was revised upwards. The US economy expanded at an annual rate of 1.2%, considerably higher than the 0.7% gain which was reported in the first estimate in April. Still, this figure is the lowest in a year, and well below the 2.1% gain in Q4. Business spending remains weak, and although consumer confidence remains at high levels, consumer spending has not kept up, as retail sales was softer than expected in April. The manufacturing sector is showing signs of fatigue, with Core Durable Goods Orders posting a decline of 0.4% in April, its third decline in four months. After a shaky first quarter for the US economy, there are no indications as of yet that we will see a rebound in the second quarter. Is the Federal Reserve still on track for a rate hike in June? The markets remain confident that the Fed will act, as the odds of a rate increase in June have increased to 84%, according to the CME Group. At the same time, the likelihood of a rate hike in the second half of 2017 remain low. The odds for a September rate are just 26%, with the markets unclear on whether the Fed will make further moves this year if inflation remains below the Fed target. Even if soft first quarter data was a blip, the markets (and possibly Fed policymakers) are concerned that President Trump, who is facing several congressional investigations over his connections with the Russian government, may not be able to pass his agenda of cutting taxes and reigning in government spending.

Q1 US GDP Revised Up to 1.2%

USD/JPY Fundamentals

Monday (May 29)

  • 19:30 Japanese Household Spending. Estimate -0.7%
  • 19:30 Japanese Unemployment Rate. Estimate 2.8%
  • 19:50 Japanese Retail Sales. Estimate 2.2%

Tuesday (May 30)

  • 1:00 BoJ Core CPI
  • 8:30 US Core PCE Price Index. Estimate 0.1%
  • 8:30 US Personal Spending. Estimate 0.4%
  • 10:00 US CB Consumer Spending. Estimate 120.1

*All release times are GMT

*Key events are in bold

USD/JPY for Monday, May 29, 2017

USD/JPY May 25 at 10:50 EDT

Open: 111.30 High: 111.47 Low: 111.16 Close: 111.31

USD/JPY Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
108.13 109.77 110.94 112.57 113.55 114.96

USD/JPY has been flat in the Monday session

  • 110.94 is providing weak support
  • 112.57 is the next line of resistance
  • Current range: 110.94 to 112.57

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 110.94, 109.77 and 108.13
  •  Above: 112.57, 113.55, 114.96 and 115.90

OANDA’s Open Positions Ratio

In the Monday session, USD/JPY ratio is showing long positions with a majority (57%). This is indicative of trader bias towards USD/JPY breaking out and moving to higher levels.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Kenny Fisher joined OANDA in 2012 as a Currency Analyst. Kenny writes a daily column about current economic and political developments affecting the major currency pairs, with a focus on fundamental analysis. Kenny began his career in forex at Bendix Foreign Exchange in Toronto, where he worked as a Corporate Account Manager for over seven years.