Fed Expected to Raise US Interest Rates

Economic projections to give insight on Fed’s next steps

The USD is higher across the board awaiting the release of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) rate statement on Wednesday, March 15, at 2:00 pm EDT (6pm GMT). Fed speakers went out of their way in making sure they telegraphed the central banks’ decision as the market expected a more patient Fed given the Trump administration has not launched its tax stimulus and infrastructure spending policies.

The CME FedWatch tool based on Fed fund rate futures shows the market has listened to Fed member comments and the probability of a rate hike in March is 93 percent. The Fed will also update its economic projections with investors eager to see what path of tighter monetary policy the Fed is anticipating. Chair Yellen’s press conference before the financial press will be closely followed given the willingness to offer more transparent communication from the central bank. Yellen’s press conference is scheduled to start at 2:20 pm EDT (6:30 pm GMT).

The Fed is expected to raise the benchmark interest rate in March, making it the third time since the economic crisis. The American central bank would be proactive in 2017 after exercising a patient stance in the past two years which brought about one rate hike a year. The Fed appears optimistic about the growth of the U.S. economy and Yellen will be asked to address Trump pro-growth policies still to be enacted.



The EUR/USD lost 0.258 percent in the last 24 hours. The single currency is trading at 1.0634 ahead of the Fed’s FOMC statement where a rate hike by the U.S. central bank is highly anticipated. The USD rally lost steam at the beginning of the year as the Trump administration has not shown the same commitment to pro-growth policies as it did right after the elections.

The EUR got a boost from the comments from European Central Bank (ECB) President Mario Draghi that saw the worst outcome for the currency was still highly unlikely. As voters prepare to cast their ballot in the Dutch elections investor anxiety is on the rise. A win by the PVV Party could trigger the Netherland leaving the Union. Lack of cooperation from other parties make the PVV win less probable, but given the loss of confidence in pollsters after the Brexit and Trump wins the market won’t get ahead of the result.

French elections in April and May could prove to be end of the EUR if Marine LePen wins in the second round. The Far-right candidate has campaigned under a flag of nationalism with calls of reintroducing the franc. A Frexit would not be up to LePen alone unless in the improbable scenario where she wins a majority in the house.



The price of oil fell 1.844 percent today. West Texas is trading at $47.32 ahead of the release of the U.S. weekly inventories on Wednesday. Crude has hit three month lows as the momentum gained from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) production cut agreement has been offset by other factors. Shale producers in the U.S. used the higher prices to increase their output as evidenced by American inventories that have shown consistent buildups in the last nine weeks. The OPEC has not confirmed if it intends to extend the production cut agreement beyond the current six month period.



The GBP/USD lost 0.544 percent in the trading session. The currency is trading at 1.2164 as the road clears for the legal proceedings to trigger Brexit. Invoking article 50 will begin a two year negotiation process that will result in the United Kingdom leaving the European Union. There have not been many fruitful meetings between the two sides on what the future trade relationship will look like. The U.K. has the most to lose, and this has been reflected in the pound. The USD has risen given the expectations of a rate hike in March putting further downward pressure on the GBP.

Scotland added to the political uncertainty in the U.K. after its First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said the is seeking a second Scottish Independence referendum within the next two years. The FX market so far has been the best gauge of investors losing confidence in Theresa May reaching an acceptable agreement despite the limited effect Brexit proceedings have had on the economy. The true impact of leaving the E.U. has not been felt as article 50 has not triggered Brexit.

The eyes of the market will be focused on the words out of Washington as the Fed finished its two day meeting with the publication of the U.S. benchmark interest rate, economic projections and press conference by Fed Chair Janet Yellen.

Market events to watch this week:

Wednesday, March 15
8:30am USD CPI m/m
8:30am USD Core CPI m/m
8:30am USD Core Retail Sales m/m
8:30am USD Retail Sales m/m
10:30am USD Crude Oil Inventories
2:00pm USD FOMC Economic Projections
2:00pm USD FOMC Statement
2:00pm USD Federal Funds Rate
2:30pm USD FOMC Press Conference
5:45pm NZD GDP q/q
8:30pm AUD Employment Change
8:30pm AUD Unemployment Rate
Tentative JPY BOJ Policy Rate
Tentative JPY Monetary Policy Statement
Thursday, March 16
2:30am JPY BOJ Press Conference
4:30am CHF Libor Rate
4:30am CHF SNB Monetary Policy Assessment
8:00am GBP MPC Official Bank Rate Votes
8:00am GBP Monetary Policy Summary
8:00am GBP Official Bank Rate
8:30am USD Building Permits
8:30am USD Philly Fed Manufacturing Index
8:30am USD Unemployment Claims
Friday, March 17
8:30am CAD Manufacturing Sales m/m
10:00am USD Prelim UoM Consumer Sentiment

*All times EST
For a complete list of scheduled events in the forex market visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Alfonso Esparza

Alfonso Esparza

Senior Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Alfonso Esparza specializes in macro forex strategies for North American and major currency pairs. Upon joining OANDA in 2007, Alfonso Esparza established the MarketPulseFX blog and he has since written extensively about central banks and global economic and political trends. Alfonso has also worked as a professional currency trader focused on North America and emerging markets. He has been published by The MarketWatch, Reuters, the Wall Street Journal and The Globe and Mail, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on networks including Bloomberg and BNN. He holds a finance degree from the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM) and an MBA with a specialization on financial engineering and marketing from the University of Toronto.
Alfonso Esparza