The Greenback re-engages

The Greenback re-engages

After the massive Global stock market rally Wednesday, equity markets have spent the greater part of the New York session consolidating those gains. However, currency markets were in catch-up mode as the USD finally woke up from its recent slumber.We can point to a few minor reasons for the recent dollar disengagement,  but it looks like dealers have shaken off their current angst as the focus has correctly shifted back to the interest rate divergence narrative.  With US yields surging, the interest differentials were just too luscious for dollar bulls to sit idly.

Australian Dollar

With upward momentum capped on the back of Wednesday’s CPI miss, the Aussie succumbed to the broader US dollar rally overnight but remains supported on the crosses. The tepid inflation print remains a consistent theme and a huge problem for the RBA. With elements in the market leaning toward an  RBA cut ahead of the next US Fed hike, top side momentum will likely be capped near term as Macro funds sell into rallies. However, AUD support remains intact from surging   Iron ore prices which continue to froth. Indeed , we are back to the tug of war between the prospect of higher US  interest ratesversus rising commodity prices. After all is said and done, it seems we always end up back at this endgame.

Japanese Yen

USDJPY rallied overnight benefiting from substantial gains in the Nikkei and surging US bond yields. The move above 114 triggered stops and while battle lines played out around 114.30 technical resistance zone,  and the dollar went “ bid me buy me”  on a convincing move to  114.85 before profit-taking. However, it is far from all aboard the Dollar train as there remains an element of doubt concerning  Tumpenomics. Which could over promise and under delivers on economic policy. However, for the speculative element in the market, another leg higher in the ten-year UST’s yields, would be  hard to ignore and we could see an extension through 115.00. However,  these markets remain extremely fragile, and accepted correlations can once again break down as quickly as they melded overnight.

Chinese Yuan

Short-term speculative money on USDCNH is tracking broader USD movements, while the longer term players remain buyers on outsized dips. China watcher continue to be in evaluation mode while digesting the plethora of headlines

S and P chimed in with a shot across the bow with a negative outlook based on the credit-fueled mainland economy which poses downside risk for a hard landing. A topic the market has been deeply focused on for some time.

However, the big story is the Pboc as told lender to control their rampant lending policies to curb the excessive leverage they have contributed to the markets. Indeed the curbs are guided more to the mortgage markets as the feel of a real estate bubble looms large

As for the currency, dealers focus is now shifting the “ currency manipulator” storyline again.. Moreover, I think this will become a major theme after the Lunar New Year holiday.

Times are certainly different from yesteryear when China was prone to manipulate its currency to the benefit of Chinese exporters. However, today, China continues to iron grip the Yuan to prevent unwanted currency depreciation which has been at heart of the financially destabilizing increase in capital outflow. So much so that it is hindering the Yuan’s  global acceptance among international investors who have been advocating for more liberal exchange rate policies for years. Given the fact that the US Treasury has not declared China as a currency manipulator since 1994, it is unlikely they can or will make that claim. However, the real question is what would happen if the US  Treasury takes this course? Well not much, other than a futile attempt to Jawbone the markets, investors will likely brush aside the comments and will continue to express their current bias for longer term Yuan depreciation.

EM markets

Regionally it is hard to divorce ourselves from the Mexico storyline as for how that plays out could have far-reaching ramifications locally.  The whipsaw we see in APAC currencies is likely due to the confusion in USDMXN, as President Trump is pulling few punches in his proposed trade sanctions directed at Mexico.When politics becomes the primary driver behind currency markets, expect confusion to reign. In the meantime continue to expect fast short term money to move market’s intraday as the longer term positions await clarity on numerous fronts.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Stephen Innes

Stephen Innes

Senior Currency Trader and Analyst at OANDA
Stephen has over 25 years of experience in the financial markets and specializes in Asian currencies at OANDA. After having started his trading career with NatWest Bank, he is currently based in Singapore as a Senior Currency Trader and Analyst with OANDA, focusing on the movement of the Aussie Dollar and ASEAN Currencies. Stephen has an extensive trading experience in Interest Rate Futures, Money Markets and Precious Metals. Prior to joining OANDA, he worked with organizations like Cambridge Mercantile, Nat West, Garvin Guy Butler, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation. Stephen was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and holds a Degree in Economics from the University of Western Ontario.
Stephen Innes