XAU/USD – Gold Steady, Markets Eye Final GDP

Gold is showing little movement in the Wednesday session. In North American trade, the spot price for one ounce stands at $1131.40. On the release front, there was positive news out of the housing sector. Existing Home Sales was unexpectedly strong, climbing to 5.61 million. Thursday will be busy, as the US releases three key events – Core Durable Goods Orders, Final GDP and unemployment claims.

It’s been a bumpy ride for gold, which has plunged some 11.4 percent since November 7. Gold had a losing week for the sixth straight time, as the US dollar was buoyed by the Federal Reserve’s quarter-point rate hike, bringing the benchmark rate to 0.50 percent. The base metal dropped to a low of $1122 last week, marking its lowest level since February. With the Fed projecting up to four rate hikes in 2017, gold prices could continue to head downwards.

When the Federal Reserve raised interest rates in December 2015, the Fed confidently predicted a series of rate hikes in 2016 in order to keep a hot US economy in check. However, the Fed remained on the sidelines throughout 2016 and refrained from any rate hikes until last week. There were several false starts along the way, as expectations that the Fed would raise rates earlier in 2016 failed to materialize. This led to sharp criticism of Janet Yellen for failing to provide a clear monetary policy. Yellen seems to have been keenly aware of this, as the Fed did everything short of buying advertisements in daily newspapers to get out the message that it planned to raise rates in December. Indeed, a rate hike was priced in as high as 100% by some analysts. Yellen should certainly be commended for a clear message to the markets.

With the Fed finally pressing the rate trigger, what’s next for Janet Yellen & Co.? In September, Fed officials said they expected two rate hikes in 2017, but the Fed is now projecting three or even four hikes next year. However, projections need to be adjusted to economic conditions, and the markets will understandably be somewhat skeptical about Fed rate forecasts. As well, the wild card of Donald Trump could also play a critical role in monetary policy. Trump’s economic platform remains sketchy, apart from declarations that he will increase government spending and cut taxes. Still, there is growing talk about ‘Trumpflation’, with the markets predicting that Trump’s policies will increase inflation levels, which have been persistently weak. If inflation levels do heat up, there will be pressure on the Fed to step in and raise interest rates.

XAU/USD Fundamentals

Wednesday (December 21)

  • 10:00 US Existing Home Sales. Estimate 5.52M. Actual 5.61M
  • 10:30 US Crude Oil Inventories. Estimate -2.4M. Actual +2.3M

Thursday (December 22)

  • 8:30 US Core Durable Goods Orders. Estimate 0.2%
  • 8:30 US Final GDP. Estimate 3.3%
  • 8:30 US Unemployment Claims. Estimate 255K

*All release times are EST

*Key events are in bold

XAU/USD for Wednesday, December 21, 2016

XAU/USD December 21 at 11:45 EST

Open: 1132.01 High: 1137.20 Low: 1129.35 Close: 1131.40

XAU/USD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
1076 1111 1130 1146 1174 1199
  • XAU/USD edged higher in the Asian session. The pair was flat in the European session and has posted small losses in North American trade
  • 1130 is under pressure in support
  • 1146 is the next resistance line
  • Current range: 1130 to 1146

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 1130, 1111, 1076 and 1043
  • Above: 1146, 1174 and 1199

OANDA’s Open Positions Ratio

XAU/USD ratio remains unchanged this week. Currently, long positions command a substantial majority (76%). This is indicative of trader bias towards XAU/USD breaking out and climbing to higher levels.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Kenny Fisher joined OANDA in 2012 as a Currency Analyst. Kenny writes a daily column about current economic and political developments affecting the major currency pairs, with a focus on fundamental analysis. Kenny began his career in forex at Bendix Foreign Exchange in Toronto, where he worked as a Corporate Account Manager for over seven years.