NZD/USD – New Zealand Dollar Steady, Shrugs Off Strong Business Confidence Report

The New Zealand dollar is hugging the 0.71 line on Thursday, as the NZD/USD rally has paused after two straight days of gains. On the release front, New Zealand ANZ Business Confidence surged to 20.2 points. In the US, Unemployment Claims climbed to 267 thousand, within expectations. As well, Chicago PMI jumped to 56.8 points, well above expectations. On Friday, the US manufacturing sector will be in focus, with the US release of the ISM Manufacturing PMI.

It’s been a solid week for New Zealand key indicators. ANZ Business Confidence climbed to 20.2 points, marking a five-month high. This figure was much stronger than the previous release of 11.3 points. Earlier in the week, New Zealand’s trade surplus jumped to NZ$385 million in May, much higher than the forecast of NZ$185 million. The robust figure was bolstered by strong Chinese demand for logs, and marked the highest surplus since March 2015. Despite the impressive trade balance release, the New Zealand dollar lost ground as investors were in no mood to snap up risky assets like the New Zealand dollar shortly after the Brexit vote. However, the currency has reversed directions since then, as the markets begin digest the British electorate’s vote to leave the European Union, which caught the markets completely by surprise.

With all the excitement over Brexit, the Federal Reserve has been on the back-burner. That could change next week, as we’ll hear from Fed Chair Janet Yellen on Monday, who will speak in Philadelphia. Will she provide some clues about a rate move? Yellen and her colleagues have sounded cautious about the US economy, and unless we see stronger employment and inflation numbers in the second half of 2016, the Fed may stand pat until 2017. Gone are the heady days of last December, when the Fed hiked rates and hinted that there was more to come in 2016, perhaps as many as four hikes. Bottom line? Traders shouldn’t count on a rate hike to boost the US dollar; rather the direction of the currency will largely be data-dependent – stronger US numbers should translate into gains for the greenback against its rivals.

Brexit has ushered in a period of instability and uncertainty across the continent, with Brexit seemingly the only certainty one can point to. The vote to leave the EU is causing deep instability in Europe and the UK and wiped out a staggering $3 trillion from global stock markets. As the dust has begun to settle, the financial markets have stabilized. The pound plunged as much as 11 percent in the aftermath of the vote but has stabilized over the past few days. Still, political leaders on both sides of the Channel will have to pick up the pieces and deal with the radical new landscape, which was unthinkable just a few months ago – that of a European Union without Britain. The Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne and Bank of England Governor Mark Charney have sought to reassure the markets and the public that the situation is under control, but is it? The political picture is fluid, as the Conservatives are looking for a new leader, the Labor Party is in turmoil and general elections are likely later in the year. On the financial front, the pound and the markets have taken a beating and London’s position as a world financial center has been shaken. The uncertainty is not going to disappear anytime soon, so traders can expect further volatility in the currency markets.

British Prime Minister Cameron, a staunch supporter of the EU, finds himself in the unenviable position of explaining the Brexit decision to fuming Europeans. Cameron arrived in Brussels for an EU Summit on Tuesday and the meeting was fraught with tension, dismay and anger. Clearly, the “divorce of the “century” between Britain and the EU could be rancorous and messy. Cameron has asked for time to prepare Britain’s exit and wants to renew “productive” relations with Europe. However, the Europeans are in no mood for hugs and kisses on both cheeks. German Chancellor Merkel said that the UK could not “cherry pick” and that a relationship with Europe entailed obligations and not just rights – in other words, the Europeans are rejecting “half membership”. As well, Europe wants Britain to exit as soon as possible, in order to minimize the uncertainty and instability caused by the Brexit vote. French President Hollande went on the attack, saying that London should no longer remain a center for clearing euro trades. This market is worth trillions of euros in currency and derivative deals and such a move would be a severe blow to London’s financial sector. Already, the European Banking Authority has announced it is leaving London and moving to Paris or Frankfurt.  In a strictly legal sense, Britain is still a member of the EU club, but politically, it is out (British EU Commissioner Jonathan Hill resigned after the Brexit vote). The markets are allergic to uncertainty, so Britain’s unclear status within the EU could weaken minor currencies like the New Zealand dollar.

NZD/USD Fundamentals

Wednesday (June 29)

  • 21:00 New Zealand ANZ Business Confidence. Actual 20.2 points

Thursday (June 30)

  • 8:30 US Unemployment Claims. Estimate 267K. Actual 268K
  • 9:45 US Chicago PMI. Estimate 50.6. Actual 56.8
  • 10:30 US Natural Gas Storage. Estimate 48B. Actual 37B
  • 13:30 US FOMC James Bullard Speaks

Upcoming Key Events

Friday (July 1)

  • 14:00 US ISM Manufacturing PMI. Estimate 51.3

*Key releases are highlighted in bold

*All release times are EDT

NZD/USD for Thursday, June 30, 2016

NZD/USD June 30 at 10:40 EDT

Open: 0.7121 Low: 0.7053 High: 0.7128 Close: 0.7102

NZD/USD Technical

S3 S2 S1 R1 R2 R3
0.6897 0.7011 0.7100 0.7231 0.7319 0.7454
  • NZD/USD posted slight losses in the Asian session but recovered in European trade. The pair is unchanged in the North American session
  • 0.7100 is fluid and was tested in support earlier in the day. It could break in the North American session
  • 0.7231 remains a strong resistance line
  • Current range: 0.7100 to 0.7231

Further levels in both directions:

  • Below: 0.7100, 0.7011, 0.6897 and 0.6793
  • Above: 0.7231, 0.7319 and 0.7454

OANDA’s Open Positions Ratio

NZD/USD ratio is almost unchanged on Thursday, consistent with the lack of movement from NZD/USD. Long positions command a strong majority (58%), indicative of trader bias towards NZD/USD breaking out and moving higher.

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Kenny Fisher

Kenny Fisher

Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Kenny Fisher joined OANDA in 2012 as a Currency Analyst. Kenny writes a daily column about current economic and political developments affecting the major currency pairs, with a focus on fundamental analysis. Kenny began his career in forex at Bendix Foreign Exchange in Toronto, where he worked as a Corporate Account Manager for over seven years.