Oil remains the dominant theme as prices fall back below $30

It’s the same story, but a different day. The direction of crude oil prices continues to drive capital markets. The black stuff is on the cusp of relinquishing the latter half of last week’s gains ahead of tomorrow’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) announcement and crude oil inventories report (WTI-$29.80, Brent $29.90).

Market risk aversion sentiment has again sent both the Euro and Asian bourses lower for the second consecutive day on China growth concerns. In the overnight session, the Shanghai composite has fallen -6.5% – it’s lowest level since December 2014. Investor’s flight to quality is putting further pressure on U.S treasury yields (10’s +1.99%). Even investors expecting a protracted period of low growth and low inflation are gravitating towards the middle of the U.S yield curve. Investor fear is successfully dragging gold higher ($1,115), and the reason for another round of flows into the carry-related FX pairs. The EUR/USD tested €1.0874, while USD/JPY fell to ¥117.65 before consolidating their moves heading in the North American session.

Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)

U.S fixed income dealers have only 24-hours left to ponder the fallout of these volatile global markets, plummeting oil prices and heightened fears of a Chinese slowdown will have on the Fed’s previously stated intentions to continue raising rates this year. Most onlookers have tended to agree with the Fed that the U.S slowdown is but a temporary dip, driven largely by specific drags on the manufacturing sector. Nevertheless, there seems to be genuine market nervousness that the recent underperforming U.S data, aside from the labor market, could be deeper than first thought. The struggles from oil output, foreign demand and the rising strength of the U.S dollar are proving to be more negative on U.S growth. The Atlanta Fed’s GDPNow has been falling and now reports that U.S GDP Q4 2016 growth rate was only +0.7%. This implies that U.S underlying growth rate in the economy running at about +1.0-1.5%, down from +2.5% eight-months ago. With numbers like this there is nothing to fear about tomorrows announcement. Market consensus expects that this meet come’s too soon for the Fed to admit anything positive or negative from last months ‘token’ hike.

To many, the idea of four further quarter point increases in U.S interest rates this year is starting to look very questionable in light of capital markets recent plummeting moves. In reality, no one seems concerned about this FOMC meet; it’s been viewed as a non-event in which Ms. Yellen is genuinely buying some time to prove that their “temporary blip” belief is correct. Even U.S money markets are unphased by this meet. Looking at their yield curves they do not expect another Fed hike until H2 and that could even be a stretch.

Is Gold Behaving Like It Should?

The yellow metal ($1,115) seems to be finally doing what it is suppose to do. After the Fed’s first-rate hike in nearly a decade last month, gold’s role as an indicator for monetary policy has been diminished. This is allowing the precious metal to return to its traditional role as a “haven.” Because the precious metal does not offer any typical return, like interest, it usually underperform against other interest bearing assets. For most of 2015, dealers thoughts on the timing of the Fed’s first-rate increases tended to dominate the direction of commodity prices. But in 2016, it may be a different story.

Despite the recent market turmoil, the metal’s recent price moves remain limited. Many would argue that gold’s uptick in price has more to do with asset reallocation (selling equities to buy gold) rather than a sustained commodity bull run. Thus, the “bull” skeptic continues to look for signs of support and that too may come from China.

Remember, there is always a natural demand for gold ahead of Lunar New Year (Feb 7-13). One needs to gage investor demand after the event to decide if this market appetite for the precious metal is real or not!

Forex heatmap

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Dean Popplewell

Dean Popplewell

Vice-President of Market Analysis at MarketPulse
Dean Popplewell has nearly two decades of experience trading currencies and fixed income instruments. He has a deep understanding of market fundamentals and the impact of global events on capital markets. He is respected among professional traders for his skilled analysis and career history as global head of trading for firms such as Scotia Capital and BMO Nesbitt Burns. Since joining OANDA in 2006, Dean has played an instrumental role in driving awareness of the forex market as an emerging asset class for retail investors, as well as providing expert counsel to a number of internal teams on how to best serve clients and industry stakeholders.
Dean Popplewell