Inflation Data Key Ahead of December Meetings

It’s been another interesting week for the markets in which central banks have once again played a starring role, setting U.S. up nicely for what is likely to be a frantic run up to year end. The two in focus today will be the European Central Bank and the Federal Reserve as we get the latest inflation data from the U.S. and the eurozone.

Inflation in the euro area fell back into negative territory last month, almost a year after the ECB began its bond buying program in order to tackle that very situation. A year on and the ECB is once again exploring its options and is widely expected to announce its latest easing measures in December.

While inflation is expected to move back out of negative territory this month, zero inflation is still well below the ECBs 2% target and even core prices are lagging well behind at 0.9%. I think it’s clear now that the ECB is going to respond in December and the inflation data could determine how strong its response is. More deflationary pressures between now and December could force it into another significant easing with it even being suggested that both a rate cut and more bond buying could be considered.

The Fed is facing similar problems but a whole other dilemma in that inflation is also well below target and yet it is preparing to raise rates and all other economic indicators don’t justify the kind of emergency monetary policy that is currently being adopted.

The core personal consumption expenditure price index – the Fed’s preferred inflation measure – will be released this afternoon and is expected to show the biggest monthly increase since last November. While this could be seen as a step in the right direction, justifying the Fed’s decision to push ahead with tightening plans, in isolation we couldn’t really read too much into this. It could just be an anomaly and instead would make the next couple of months of data all the more interesting.

We’ll also get personal income and spending data from the U.S. this afternoon, both of which could hold the key to future inflationary pressures. As will the employment cost index which offers key insight into whether companies could begin to raise prices for consumers in order to cover increased costs. We’ll also get the revised UoM consumer sentiment reading to cap off the week.

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Craig Erlam
Based in London, England, Craig Erlam joined OANDA in 2015 as a Market Analyst. With more than five years' experience as a financial market analyst and trader, he focuses on both fundamental and technical analysis while conducting macroeconomic commentary. He has been published by The Financial Times, Reuters, the BBC and The Telegraph, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on Bloomberg TV, CNBC, FOX Business and BNN. Craig holds a full membership to the Society of Technical Analysts and he is recognized as a Certified Financial Technician by the International Federation of Technical Analysts.