ECB Press Conference Key, US Data Also Eyed

China has largely been blamed for causing so much volatility and negativity in financial markets in recent weeks so it should be no surprise that, as its markets close in observance of Victory Day, markets in Europe and the U.S. are staging a recovery.

European indices are in the green for a second day while U.S. futures suggest we’re going to see a second day of positive trading here as well. I wouldn’t say this rally represents any significant change in sentiment in the markets, just relief at the fact that the volatility and fear that has been stemming from China has temporarily subsided.

With this being put to the back of people’s minds until next week, a couple of other key events will come to the forefront, tomorrow’s U.S. jobs report and today’s European Central Bank meeting. The recent market volatility, depreciation of the Yuan and talk of currency wars has created a headache for a number of central banks. The Federal Reserve was on course to raise interest rates in September but recent events have cast doubts on whether it can achieve its 2% inflation target in the current environment and what impact a rate hike would have on such unstable markets.

The ECB has another problem as it is nearly a year into its own quantitative easing program and inflation has remained stubbornly low. This will not be helped by lower commodity prices, while the euro’s emergence as a safe haven currency could add further deflationary pressures to the region in the coming months.

It is becoming more widely accepted that further monetary stimulus is warranted from the ECB, the only questions that remain is when and how much. Some expect the ECB to expand its quantitative easing program today but I’m not convinced this is the right time. We don’t have all the data yet and therefore don’t know what the full impact of recent market volatility and Yuan devaluation will be. Surely policy makers will want to make an informed decision rather than rushing into it.

If we do get a policy response, it could come in the form of an extension to the current quantitative easing program, possibly even making it open ended, or an increase in the size of the monthly purchases. To do the latter though, the ECB may have to look at broadening the range or quantity of assets it can buy which would complicate things further.

There will also be a focus on U.S. data today, with jobless claims, trade balance, the final services PMI and ISM non-manufacturing PMI all being released. As Fed vice Chair Stanley Fischer stated last week, the data over the next couple of weeks could be the difference between the central bank hiking rates and not.

The S&P is expected to open 9 points higher, the Dow 73 points higher and the Nasdaq 25 points higher.

Economic Calendar

For a look at all of today’s economic events, check out our economic calendar.

Craig Erlam
Based in London, England, Craig Erlam joined OANDA in 2015 as a Market Analyst. With more than five years' experience as a financial market analyst and trader, he focuses on both fundamental and technical analysis while conducting macroeconomic commentary. He has been published by The Financial Times, Reuters, the BBC and The Telegraph, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on Bloomberg TV, CNBC, FOX Business and BNN. Craig holds a full membership to the Society of Technical Analysts and he is recognized as a Certified Financial Technician by the International Federation of Technical Analysts.